Sunset at Gowanus Bay

Sunset at Gowanus Bay
Sunset at Gowanus Bay, Henry Gritten, 1851

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Brewers and Browers in the Fulton County, New York Deed Indexes

A search of the probate records for Fulton County, New York, as suggested in the October 28, 2018 post, came up empty. We now want to look for deeds (records of land transactions) that might provide some guidance or evidence on how the Brewers of Fulton County, New York and Wyandot County, Ohio are related. Fortunately, the land records for Fulton County have been digitized and placed online by the Family History Library (FamilySearch.org), and they can be accessed from home. We start by consulting the indexes.

The indexes for Fulton County are arranged by year and by grantors (those selling) and grantees (those buying). So, when looking for the Brewers of Fulton County we have six indexes to search through:

Within each index names are recorded alphabetically, but only by the first letter of the last name. But after that the system used is a bit convoluted. If you look at it long enough you will some sort of pattern or intention of the indexer, but the surest way to find all the Brewers is simply to go through the B pages one by one. And so here, for future reference (so I don't have to do this again) are links to those pages in which persons named Brewer or Brower appear.




The Bro's go on for a few more pages beyond page 71 of the Deed Index-grantees 1859-1880, so be certain to check those pages as well. As mentioned, I'm going through this tedious exercise so as to have easy and quick access to the specific pages I'm interested in. Since this is posted online, I (and you) can access them from anywhere with an internet connection. The earlier two sets of years, at first glance, appear to be more helpful for our research of the Brewers in Fulton County, and if you take a look at the index I'm sure you'll be able to spot some deeds that may have promise. This quest will continue.

BGB 615

Sunday, October 28, 2018

The Will of James Brewer of Wyandot County, Ohio, 1881

The will of James Brewer of Pitt, Wyandot County, Ohio is found in Wyandot County Wills, Volume 3, pages 78-80. Images are online at FamilySearch.org in Ohio Probate Records, 1789-1996, Wyandot County. An order was made on 22 April 1881 in the Wyandot County Probate Court on the matter of James Brewer's will, with a hearing scheduled for 2 May 1881. The widow and heirs were to be notified by the order. A copy of the will follows (pp. 79-80). James calls himself of the township of Pitt. He leaves to his beloved wife, in lieu of dower, "the farm on which we now reside situate in Pitt Township, Wyandot Co., O., containing about 21 acres during her natural life and all the stock and household goods, etc." At her death, five acres "of the north end of the real estate," are devised to his youngest son, Marion (sic) C. Brewer and his heirs. The balance, of about 16 acres, are left to Jacob Brewer, Philip Brewer, James W. Brewer, Mary E. Hall, and Sarah A. Stevens. He authorizes his heirs, after his wife's death, to pay her doctor bills and funeral expenses. The will is dated 8 April 1881, and James signs with his mark. Witnesses are John W. Holloway and Augustus Smith. Z. L. (or T) Smith is authorized to "hold" his will. Ordered to appear on 2 May 1881 at the Probate Court are Mary A. Brewer, widow, and Jacob Brewer, Philip Brewer, James W. Brewer, Mary E. Hall, Sarah A. Stevens and Marvin C. Brewer, "heirs at law of the said James Brewer, deceased." On the 23rd of April the heirs acknowledged the order by signing, with Jacob and Philip signing with their marks.

With the family of James Brewer set by his will, tracking his descendants is relatively easy using Ancestry.com. What interests us, however, is James Brewer's ancestry. Just recently a direct male descendant of James Brewer took a Y-Chromosome DNA test and the results of his test match the others in the Brewer DNA Project who are descendants of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, Long Island. The tested descendant tells us that James was born in Fulton County, New York in 1808. Fulton County was created in 1838 out of Montgomery County. Therefore, we will also need to look into Montgomery County records for possible parents for James. A number of Ancestry.com "trees," give James' parents as Daniel Brewer (1771-1849 or 1851 depending on the tree) and Sarah Clark (1773-1850). This is certainly possible, but we would like to see proof for this claim. Many of the "trees" found at Ancestry.com are poorly researched, and contain conflicting records regarding a Daniel Brewer within them. I won't go into details, and will just say that none leave me with enough confidence to consider them as correct. Having said that, there is a Daniel Brewer, age 79, born in New York, on the 1850 U. S. census at Pitt, Wyandot Co., Ohio. The age would place his year of birth as about 1771. This Daniel Brewer is enumerated in the household of David Williams, age 36, born in Pennsylvania, a farmer. The household also includes Sarah Williams, age 25, born in New York, and four (probable) children, including Daniel, age 6 and Sarah, age 3. I would suspect that Sarah Williams is a daughter of Daniel Brewer, but again, we want to see some further evidence.

1850 U.S. Census, Pitt, Wyandot, OH (NARA via Ancestry.com)
Other BREWER heads of households on the 1850 census, found in Pitt Township, are: Parrish C. Brewer (age 37, born in New York), and Jacob A. Brewer (35, NY). In addition, we have back in Fulton County, New York, a Daniel Brewer of Broadalbin who died there in 1887. His gravestone gives his year of birth as 1796. I've placed some info on this Daniel Brewer online in this PDF. What catches my attention here is that Daniel (1796-1887) has a son named Parris Brewer. The 1850 U. S. census for James Brewer's household includes is (assumed) son, "Parrish H. Brewer." And as just mentioned, a Parrish C. Brewer, also heads a household in Pitt Twp. in 1850. With this unusual name, Parris, or Parrish, found in these Brewer families who lived in same locations, I have no doubt that all of these families are closely related.

1850 U.S. census, James Brewer household, Pitt Twp., OH (NARA via Ancestry.com)

This is not the first time we've encountered unplaced Brewer descendants of Adam Brouwer at Broadalbin, New York. The March 15, 2017 post, "John Brewer (1796-1849) of Broadalbin, New York," mentions the fact that we have a direct male descendant of this John Brewer in the Brewer DNA Project who also (by the results and matches of his Y-DNA test) tells us that he is a descendant of Adam Brouwer. 

And so with this, we have a start. What we are looking for is confirmation of the identity of the parents of James Brewer, who have been suggested as a Daniel Brewer and Sarah Clark. And secondly, how is James Brewer of Pitt, Wyandot Co., Ohio related to John Brewer (1796-1849) of Broadalbin, Fulton Co., New York? Are they brothers? Are they first cousins? (We know that both must be descendants of Adam Brouwer, and most likely through Adam's son Nicholas Brouwer).

Some links that should be helpful for continued searching:

Wyandot County, Ohio Probate Records - The records start in the year 1845 which is the year the county was created out of parts of Crawford, Marion, Hardin and Hancock Counties. All of these counties will have to be explored for records prior to 1845.

Here is the Wyandot County Wiki page. There are a lot of links and suggestions here, although not much with regard to deeds and land records which is what I was looking for. Not to fear, browse only deed records are online at FamilySearch via links on this page, Deed Records 1826-1886; index, 1826-1946. I'd be looking for any transactions between and/or involving Brewers, especially in Pitt Township. Perhaps there is record of the transfer of inherited property which would imply, or even specifically state, family relationships.

The Montgomery County, New York Wiki page has some general links, but I'd start with New York Probate Records, 1629-1971, Montgomery County, and New York Land Records, 1630-1975, Montgomery County. Montgomery County was the parent county of Fulton County.

Fulton County was created in 1838. Here is the Wiki page, New York Probate Records, 1629-1971, Fulton County, and New York Land Records, 1630-1975, Fulton County.

If anyone can add to and advance our efforts to find the connection between James Brewer and John Brewer, and the connections for both to Adam Brouwer, we'd appreciate input via the Comments for this post (below). Any help is appreciated. I anticipate having more to add with future posts as well.

BGB 614

Friday, October 26, 2018

The Wyche Family of Virginia

The two images that follow are from "Brunswick County, Virginia, Deeds, Wills, Etc., No. 1, 1732-1740, published in The Virginia Genealogist, vol. 2 (1958), pages 126 and 127. It is an abstract of the will of Henry Wyche of Brunswick County. In the will he mentions his daughter Abigail Brewer. (Images were downloaded from AmericanAncestors.org)



And in volume 3 (1959), p. 65, is an abstract of the filing of the inventory of Henry Wyche's estate, by his wife, Frances Brewer, who was executrix.


Henry's daughter, Abigail (Wyche) Brewer, mentioned in his will, was the wife of George Brewer (d. 1760), a son of George Brewer and Sarah Lanier. In the past I have mentioned to some researching George Brewer of Brunswick Co.,, Virginia, that of George Brewer's nine sons, the only one whose wife has been identified with any certainty is his son George's wife, Abigail Wyche. And this is only because her father, Henry Wyche, left a will pointing this out.While the abstract shown above does not specifically mention George Brewer, an account of the estate of Henry Wyche, that was published in 1905, does. This second account, titled "Wyche Family," is found in The William & Mary Quarterly, running over a few issues beginning with volume 13 (1904) available online here on the Internet Archives site. For this Henry Wyche's will see volume 14 (1905), pages 59-60. George Brewer is mentioned as an executor of the will on page 60. This volume is also online.

To my knowledge, this account of the Wyche Family of Virginia, published in The William & Mary Quarterly is the only published account of the Wyche Family. If someone knows of another, more thorough account, please point it out to us. What appears in The William & Mary Quarterly was apparently compiled by Clarence A. Wyche from records he had acquired. This according to a published genealogy titled The Reverend Thomas Johnston Allison Family, Including Tillott History and Wyche History, by Charles Walter Allison in 1955, and also available online. For the early Wyche generation, Allison follows Clarence A. Wyche's account of 1904-06, and does not add anything beyond that account.

Henry Wyche, the testator of the will which mentions his daughter Abigail Brewer, wrote his will on 4 March 1736/37?, and died by 7 April 1737 when the inventory was presented. His date and place of birth is not known, but it was his father, also named Henry Wyche, who was the immigrant (from England) to Virginia. The elder Henry was in Virginia by October 1689 when at a court session in Surry County, Virginia, Robert Owen received a patent on 743 acres, of which 648 had been received from his father Benjamin Owen, and the other 95 having been received for "the importation of Jon. Sharp and Henry Wych" (Sue Mathys, "Early Owen Connections," The Virginia Genealogist 27(1983):26, citing Virginia Patent Book 8, p. 3). The elder Henry also left a will in Surry Co., Virginia, dated 1 August 1712 and proved 18 March 1714. In it he mentions his children Aillinor (Eleanor), William, George, Sarah, Henry and James. Henry does not mention his wife and to my knowledge she has not yet been identified ("Wyche Family," The William & Mary Quarterly 14(1905):59). According the the "Wyche Family" source, the younger Henry received a patent for 370 acres on the north side of the Meherrin River on 22 June 1722. A Surry County, Virginia deed dated 11 July 1719 in which Ralph Jackson sold land to "Hix," mentions Henry Wyche's line with the property, "on the north side of the Meherrin River" (Evelyn Duke Brandenberger, "The Jacksons of Lower Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist 30( 1986):288, citing Patent Book 10, p. 447). The just mentioned, "Jacksons of Lower Virginia" (same page) also mentions that in 1719, both Ralph Jackson and an Ambrose Jackson, received patents on land that was either near or adjoined the land of Henry Wyche. A John Jackson of Surry County is also mentioned as having land on the north side of the Meherrin River, at the corner of Ralph Jackson's land.

If you have spent any time trying to research the earliest generations of the families who settled in Brunswick County, Virginia (which was created in 1720 out of parts of Surry, Prince George and Isle of Wight Counties), you know first hand that birth (or baptism), marriage and death records for this time are non-existent. Families have to be reconstructed from probate records and from those few deeds which might mention family relationships. This is why I'm taking the time and space to bring up the Wyche family and the patents and deeds mentioned in the previous paragraph.To this I would add that settlements in colonial America during the 1600s and early 1700s were rather small and men and women in these settlements would have found marriage partners among the other families who live close by. There were not many "long distance marriages" among colonial period Americans. When looking for the identity of an otherwise unidentified wife, start with the families who lived closest to the the wife's husband. In the case of the wives of the sons of George Brewer, and for the identity of George Brewer's second wife, Alice (___), start with those families that lived near George Brewer. There are a few to start with here. The Wyche family, we know from published research (above) that the families of Jackson and Hix (Hicks) and Owen, are also near by. A search of the deed and patent records from the late 1600s and early 1700s should turn up more family names.

BGB 613

Friday, October 19, 2018

Looking For The Parents of Peter Brewer (d. 1851) Bath, England to Tasmania

Hank Graham's October 2, 2018 post, "YFull's YTree Update v6.06," mentions one of the newer Brewer DNA Project sub-groups, that being "Peter Brewer, Bath, England to Tasmania" (no. 8 on the list). There are two direct male descendants, one a great grandson and the other a great-great grandson, of Peter Brewer who have taken Y-Chromosome DNA tests. One descendant has added advanced testing, FTDNA's BigY-500 test, followed by analysis of the results by YFull. As the post states, the descendant of Peter Brewer is identified by SNP (haplogroup) I-FGC56815, found here in the current YTree. He is presently grouped with three others who have this same SNP. The other tested descendant of Peter Brewer has been assigned (by FTDNA) the predicted haplogroup I-P37 (he has not taken a BigY-500 test).

Elizabeth Lindsay is the contact person for researching Peter Brewer. She is a descendant and has provided the information that follows. Elizabeth, and other descendants, would like to establish the parentage of Peter Brewer, and would like to discover exactly how he is related to his Uncle Theodore Brewer (see what follows). Those who read this and have any information or leads that might help establish Peter Brewer's ancestry, are urged to contact Elizabeth directly and/or add their insight by using the Comments option. For those who have an active Ancestry.com account, Elizabeth's Ancestry tree can be consulted. Sources for much of what follows can be found there, and there are also some terrific family photographs. The descendants of Peter Brewer and Elizabeth Harrington are all well accounted for. It's Peter's ancestry that we are interested in finding.

This is what is known about Peter Brewer, as provided by Elizabeth:

Peter Brewer was born in Bath, England sometime between 1790 and 1800. He was an only child and orphaned when very young. His natural parents have not been identified. Peter was raised, and given a good education, by his uncle Theodore Brewer who was a surgeon-dentist in Bath, who died in 1821. In 1824, Peter emigrated to Tasmania (at the time known as Van Diemen's Land)* sailing aboard the Heroine. In 1826 he made his first application for a land grant and eventually owned several thousand acres in the Northeast of Tasmania. In 1833, Peter married Elizabeth Harrington (1811-1891) of Shropshire in England, at St. John's church in Launceston, Tasmania. Elizabeth is a daughter of Ann Harrington, and the identity of her biological father is not known. The couple had ten children (born between 1834 and 1850), six of whom survived into adulthood and had children of their own. Peter Brewer died on 8 August 1851 at "Bowood," near Bridport, Tasmania. Elizabeth has provided this photo of Peter Brewer. Peter's record of death as recorded in Tasmania, give his age at death as 52 years. However, the death notice published in a Tasmanian newspaper, the Cornwall Chronicle, gives his age as 62. The later would place his year of birth as 1788 or 1789, the former at 1798 or 1799.

Peter Brewer (d. 1851)

And here is a photo of Peter's wife, Elizabeth Harrington.

Elizabeth (Harrington) Brewer (1811-1891)

As mentioned above, Peter Brewer was raised (in Bath, Somerset, England) by his uncle, Theodore Brewer. "Uncle" was what Peter called Theodore Brewer. But it is not known exactly how they are related. Theodore Brewer, and his wife, Phoebe Jefferies (married in 1791 at Stanton Drew, Somerset, England) had six children of their own, born between1792 and 1805, and Peter was educated with them. Of the six children, two were sons, George Frederick Brewer (b. ca. 1799, d. 1821 in Kingston, Jamaica) and Gore Thomas Brewer, who was baptized on 13 August 1801 at St. Michael's in Bath along with his sister's Matilda and Harriet. There are no known descendants of either. George Frederick Brewer did not marry and he died apparently in his early 20s. Since so little is known of Gore Thomas Brewer (the name known only from the baptism record) and since no separate baptism record for George Frederick has been found, it is thought that he and George Frederick may in fact be one person. The important point here being that there are no known male descendants of Theodore Brewer who might be available for Y-DNA testing to see how, or if, they might match the tested descendants of Peter Brewer.

Theodore Brewer was a surgeon-dentist. Records show that he lived his adult life in Bath, England. He was buried there, at St. Michael's Church on 1 November 1821. During his life he was a family physician to the Earl of Shelbourne in Caine, Wiltshire, where he and Peter had permission to ride in the woods of "Bowood House," which name Peter would use for his own house in Tasmania.

Theodore was baptized on 4 January 1766 at St. John the Baptist, Frome Selwood, Somerset, the only son (his father's will) of George Brewer and Elizabeth Naish. George Brewer (b. 1742, bur. 13 Dec 1802) was also a surgeon-dentist and lived at 69 Park Street, Grosvernor Square in London.

George was a son of Andrew Brewer and Elizabeth Harrill. Andrew Brewer was baptized on 15 November 1712 at Bath Abbey and was a son of William Brewer and Mary Hearth. He was a cordwainer who lived in Bath. Andrew and Elizabeth had 11 children, five of whom were sons. In addition to George, there was Andrew (b. 1755, m. Charlotte Haywood), Jeremiah (1758-1793) and James (b. 1760). Little is known of the last two.

William Brewer, the earliest known ancestor of this line, died in July 1736. His birth is estimated as about 1685.William's estate was admitted to probate on 12 July 1736. William was also a cordwainer. he lived at Broad Street in Bath. In addition to Andrew, he had a son Henry (b. 1710) who married and had three sons (John, Henry and James). William's property on Broad Street was divided between his two sons, Andrew and Henry.

If there are any direct male descendants of William Brewer around today, we would invite you to take a Y-DNA test with the Brewer DNA Project, in order to see how you might match up with the descendants of Peter Brewer.

Again, the hope here is to eventually learn the identity of Peter Brewer's biological parents. Y-DNA testing of direct male descendants of William Brewer would determine whether or not Peter's natural father was also a male Brewer of this family. Remember, Peter calls Theodore Brewer, his uncle. Could it be that Peter's father was a yet undiscovered brother of Theodore, who died before his father wrote his will? A Y-DNA test of a direct male descendant of William Brewer would make that a possibility. Could it be that Peter's father was a sister of Theodore? If this is the case, then autosomal DNA testing of any descendant, male or female, of William Brewer may be of help (the descendants of Peter have also taken autosomal DNA tests). Elizabeth tells us that her understanding is that Peter was very young when orphaned and taken in by Theodore, "I am guessing that he was under 5 years old," and he may have been born about the same time that Theodore's first child was born and died (daughter Matilda H. Brewer b. 19 Sept. 1792, was buried a week later). Elizabeth also thinks that Peter was "probably a Brewer by birth." Apparently his standing, as a Brewer in this family, was helpful in his getting permission to emigrate and acquire property in Tasmania.

Some additional info that may be of help: There are baptism and burial records for Theodore and Phoebe Brewer's  children in the records of St. Michael's Church in Bath. And images of those records can be found at Ancestry.com in their collection titled, "Somerset, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1531-1812." No baptism record of a Peter Brewer has been found there. There are also these following burials from the time period when Theodore's children were baptized:
  • Henry Brewer, 7 June 1799
  • Jane Brewer, 4 July 1802
  • Henry Brewer, 25 January 1803
  • Mary Brewer, 10 September 1803
  • Mary Brewer, 4 May 1804
  • Decy Brewer (possibly Decima Brewer who did not marry), 18 December 1804
Might one or two of the above have been Peter's biological parent or parents?

Two of Theodore and Phoebe Brewer's daughters married and have descendants. Daughter Matilda Catherine Brewer (ca.1796-1859) married Simeon James Magnus. They had two sons, George Brewer Magnus, Sr., and Theodore Brewer Magnus. Simeon and his two sons came to New York in 1835. Simeon was a fringemaker and can be found on U. S. census records in Brooklyn up until his death in 1909. Simeon's estate was probated in Kings County on 11 May 1909. George Brewer Magnus married Catherine O'Rourke and lived in Brooklyn until his death on 24 August 1906. He is buried in Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery. Family names among his descendants include Lange, Keskin, Beithaupt, Schoonmaker and Volpe. Simeon's son Theodore Brewer Magnus was married twice. First to  Phoebe Ann Whitney, and second, on 14 April 1864, to Sarah Margaret Ring. There were four children by each marriage. Theodore died 21 October 1909 and is also buried at Green-Wood Cemetery. His estate was probated in Kings County on 9 November 1909. Among Theodore's descendants are the family names Lutz, Pierson and Maimone.
Theodore and Phoebe Brewer's daughter, Harriet (1797-1850) married William Henry Stone in 1818 at St. Michael's. They had six children, two of whom are known to have married. The family lived in Bristol in Gloucestershire. Family names among descendants include Amey, Allen, Stone and Mare.

Elizabeth also mentions that there was a Peter Gunning Brewer, born 1 February 1801 in Walcot, Bath, Somerset. His mother was a Sarah Brewer, who is "possibly the daughter of James Brewer and Joanna Tucker of Beckington, Somerset." It has been suggested that Peter's father was Rev. Peter Gunning, or perhaps the Rev. Peter Gunning's father. Rev. Peter Gunning was married in Bath in 1805 to Sarah Phillott. Y-DNA testing of any direct male descendants of Rev. Peter Gunning, would tell us whether or not Peter Gunning Brewer and Peter Brewer of Tasmania may be one and the same.

Also, a couple by the name of Peter Brewer and Ann Diggit were the parents of a Peter Brewer born at Wembury in Devonshire, England. There are a few trees on Ancestry.com that place the son Peter Brewer as our Peter Brewer whose parents we are searching for. Elizabeth is convinced that the two Peter Brewers are NOT the same individuals.

And finally, another male member of the Brewer DNA Project, through the autosomal DNA (Family Finder) test, has been matched to our descendant of Peter Brewer at the level of 4th to 5th cousin (as estimated by Family Tree DNA). This member has also taken a BigY-500 test at Family Tree DNA identifies his haplogroup as I-A6543, while YFull assigns him to I-Y15575. While the two would be the same broad branch on a YTree, our descendant of Peter Brewer and his Family Finder matched member of the project, do not share a direct paternal line ancestor within a meaningful period of time. The two belong to different sub-branches of haplogroup I. These two lines of the very large parent haplogroup I, first branched from I about 27,500 years ago, when YFull shows I branching into I1 and I2. If there is more recent common ancestor between our two project members, as suggested by the Family Finder test results, then that ancestor would be found on one of the many other lines of ancestry that each of our members have. A relationship of 4th to 5th cousin implies that the two tested individuals would have a common ancestor among their 3-great or 4-great grandparents. Elizabeth states that so far a potential common ancestor for the two who have tested has not been found.

Again, the purpose with this post is to help discover the identity of the biological parents of Peter Brewer of Bath, England and Tasmania, who died in 1851. Perhaps some of the information presented above will be familiar to someone out there, if not now, perhaps in the future. If anyone has any leads or suggestions, please contact Elizabeth directly. And if there are any known direct male descendants of William Brewer, please consider helping out by contacting the Brewer DNA Project and taking a Y-DNA test.


*Tasmania was not officially named, Tasmania, until 1856, five years after Peter Brewer's death. During his lifetime, it was known as Van Diemen's Land.

BGB 612

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

New York City Collegiate Reformed Church Brower/Brouwer Baptisms 1801-1811

The Collegiate Reformed Church of America in New York City has provided many records which are helpful to Brouwer researchers. Baptisms, which list the parents’ names including the mother’s maiden name, as well as sometimes the sponsors’ names can help piece together families. Unfortunately the publication of Collegiate RCA baptism records (Ancestry.com, New York Genealogical and Biographical (NYG&B) Record, etc.) do not exist past 1800. By examining page 240 of The Iconography of Manhattan Island, we can see what Collegiate records do exist, whether they are published or not. Baptism records exist through 1893.

Fortunately there is a little known unpublished manuscript in the NYG&B special collection at the New York Public Library titled, “New York City Dutch Reformed Church baptisms, 1801–1811”. There is an index for this manuscript which was created in 2001 by Marian LoPresti and is part of the same collection.



The photograph above is from LoPresti's index page 6 and contains both Brower and Brouwer. When you see three people on the same page it is probably a baptism of a Brower/Brouwer child showing mother, father, and child. If there is a single person on a page it could be a mother using her Brower maiden name or could also mean a person has Brower/Brouwer as a middle name. Keep in mind there could also be more than one baptism involving a Brower/Brouwer on the same page. It is always best to view the actual document and not jump to conclusions.

If you are interested in getting a copy of the manuscript pages, contact manuscripts@nypl.org. There is a $10 fee plus a $0.50 per page charge. They will have you fill out a form. The details you need for the form can be found by searching the NYPL.org site for “New York City Dutch Reformed Church, 1801-1811 (baptisms)”.

I have already purchased copies of pages 352, 365, and 375 and found them very helpful in my research. If you are interested in a Brower on those pages please let me know.

BGB 611

Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Google+ To Be Shut Down

Yesterday the NY Times reported that Google will be shutting down Google+, apparently in 2019. Google also announced this in a blog post the same day (October 8th). Apparently there was a security breach back in March (that was not reported to users). The feeling at Google is that the service is not used enough to justify the expense of maintaining it. I can't say I blame them, it really never panned out and certainly never approached a fraction of the impact that Facebook ever had. And these security problems with social media sites are only going to get worse. I doubt any of the companies that offer them have the ability to keep up with security threats. The best they seem to be able to do is react when an event happens, and frankly that's no way to go about controlling any enterprise. And it's no way to control security.

I do have a Google+ account, but I never really used it, at least not the way I think they'd hope I'd use it. I do have a few "followers" but I really have no idea why. I don't follow anyone myself. Groucho Marx once said, "I refuse to join any club that would have me as a member." I kinda have that same feeling. I wouldn't advise following anyone who would follow me. I'm actually quite directionless, so follow me at your own risk. This all applies to my personal account, which I guess is linked to my e-mail address (I couldn't figure out that "Circles" thing when they first offered it and I gave up on it rather quickly). Perhaps people just selected "Follow" when they had an e-mail conversation with me, without really knowing what they were doing.

Anyway, I did open a "Brand Account," as Google calls it (I think it's targeted to businesses) for this blog. And I have found that useful. Each post was posted to the blog's Google+ page when it was published. I thought that that was a good thing. It kind of acted like a searchable table of contents for the blog. I used it myself in that way. I also would add links to articles from around the web, mostly regarding genealogy and DNA testing type topics, that I thought readers of the blog might find interesting as well, and so that I could also easily find them again in the future. And through the Google+ page I do follow one other blog, Jody Lutter's Family History Research blog, just because I think it's very well done and I've learned a thing or two from it (you can also find it to the under My Blog List). So, I guess I'll have to figure out another way to follow it. Which brings me to the final point -

If you are one of those that does follow Brouwer Genealogy through the Google+ page, you - all 21 of you (I know, quite the following, and after being online since 2011 that averages to three new followers a year!) - will, if you are still so inclined to follow this blog, have to switch to another method of following. One such method might be to just follow through the Follow button found under followers (to the right, scroll down). There are 29 followers there, and I don't know how, or why this is different from the Google+ following, but apparently it is, and I assume that that option is not being "retired," as Google usually puts it. You can also follow by e-mail, which means you'll be sent an e-mail alert whenever a new post is generated. "Follow by Email" is right above the "Followers" button.

I guess this all comes down sometime in 2019, not sure exactly when in 2019, but until then I will still add new posts to the Google+ page. All in all, it's probably not that big a deal. Now, if they ever "retire" Blogger, that'll be something else (but we won't worry about that now). And since I brought this issue of following up, and since I haven't done this yet - Thank you to all those who do follow, I appreciate it. It makes me feel that taking the time to do this is worth it, and I hope at least some things on these pages have been of help. And thank you too, to all of those who have helped me and contributed in the past. You're help has been a part of this blog, and it too is appreciated. Good luck going forward.

BGB 610

Monday, October 8, 2018

Corrections and Additions to Descendants of Alice Freeman Thompson Parke

The Alice Freeman Thompson Parke database (AFTP) was created back in 2009. It is stored online as a sub-directory of BrouwerGenealogyData, at RootsWeb (which is why brouwergenealogydata appears in the URL). Like the Brouwer Genealogy Database (BGD) it went down back in the fall of 2017. The AFTP was brought back this past August, and like the BGD, I will no longer be updating it, nor will I be able to correct errors that may be found within the pages of the site. And so, this blog, Brouwer Genealogy, will be the place to find corrections for the Alice Freeman Thompson Parke database. And there are now, some important ones.

As a background, the database was intended primarily as a source for descendants of Alice Freeman. Please see the main page for a little background on why Alice is an important 17th century immigrant to the American colonies. If you have an Ancestry that can be traced to colonial America, especially to New England, but also to New York and New Jersey, there is a chance, even a good chance, that you are a descendant of Alice Freeman. I have, in the years researching the New Netherland Brouwers, engaged and corresponded with a number of individuals who have in their ancestries, both Alice Freeman and one of the early New Netherland Brouwer families. Moving forward, corrections to AFTP and the other databases, will be found in posts to this blog.

The important corrections to Alice Freeman come to me by e-mail from Joe Cochoit who is the author of the Alice (Freeman) Parke profile page at WikiTree. I have not used, or been involved with WikiTree myself, but at quick glance I like the idea and the approach. It allows for changes and corrections, and all of us who have spent a good deal of time on genealogy, know that correcting earlier errors is a big part (and an ongoing part) of the process. So, thank you to Joe for bringing the following to my attention.

The changes I'll mention here all come from a series of articles written by Randy A. West, that were published in The American Genealogist in volumes 87 and 88 (2015). The articles are:

- West, Randy A.. "Robert Parke of Wethersfield, New London and Stonington, Connecticut, Was Not The Grandson of William Parke (d. 1551) of Gestingthorpe, Co. Essex," The American Genealogist Vol. 87, no. 2 (Jul-Oct 2014, pub. Jul 2015), pp. 91-92. This article refutes the long accepted ancestry of Robert Parke, the immigrant to Connecticut who married Alice Freeman as his second wife (likewise Robert was Alice's second husband). This Robert Parke is a son of Robert Parke of Acton, co. Suffolk and his wife Alice Chaplin, however, it is shown in the article that the elder Robert is not a son of William Parke of Gestingthorpe, co. Essex, who left a will dated 25 March 1551, proved 13 May 1551. Although the author suggests that William and Robert may have been close relatives, they were not father and son, and the long held Parke ancestry of Robert Parke is lost. The parents and ancestry of Robert Parke of Acton, co. Suffolk (father of the immigrant, Robert Parke) are not known.

-West, Randy A.. "Alice Freeman, Wife of John Tompson of Preston Capes, Northamptonshire, and of Robert Parke of Connecticut," The American Genealogist Vol. 87, no. 3 (Jan-Apr 2015, pub. Oct 2015), pp. 209-217. There are a number of changes here regarding vital dates, the family of Alice's father Henry Freeman is expanded, and  additional children are found for Alice Freeman and her first husband, John Tompson/Thompson. Starting with Alice Freeman's father, Henry Freeman: change his date of death to 5 August 1606 (Inquisition post mortem held at Kettering, Northamptonshre 14 October 1606). The will and codicil of Alice's brother, Thomas Freeman, dated 14 August 1637, codicil dated 23 August 1637, proved in September 1637, is presented on pages 210-212. Thomas apparently was unmarried and childless, and the will names siblings, nephews and nieces. Importantly, it places Alice as the mother of John Tompson's sons, Samuel and Thomas. The database has them listed as sons of John, but with an unknown mother (and a caveat for Samuel). We can now count Samuel and Thomas as sons of Alice Freeman. Their baptisms were found in the Preston Capes, Northamptonshire parish registers, and are reported as 25 May 1618 for Samuel and 23 Dec 1616 for Thomas. The author cites Thomas Freeman's mention of "kinsman Robert Peake" in his will, with a marriage recorded at Cranford, St. John, Northamptonshire, "Robert Peake of Achurch, & Margaret Thompson Neece unto Mr. Thomas Freeman of this parish were marryed July 31, 1634," to conclude that Alice and John had another daughter, Margaret, "born by say 1614, perhaps before 28 August 1614, the date of the earliest baptism in the surviving parish register." John Tompson's will is transcribed (only abstracts have previously been published, see p. 213). The will was proved 11 April 1627, so John Tompson died between 7 November 1626, the date of the codicil, and 17 December 1626, when he is mentioned as deceased in the baptism record of his youngest child, Martha. The place of John's death, London, may also be incorrect. Burial records for Preston Capes for 1626-1631 are lost. The article includes a genealogical summery (pp. 214-217) which concludes that Alice would have married John Tompson, "say 1613." This would necessitate altering the estimated range for Alice's birth from "between 1595 and 1600," to something a bit earlier. The author writes, "say 1695," while Joe in his e-mail suggested 1685-1695, which I would agree with. Joe also points out that Alice was not born at Preston Capes, as her father did not live there (he is called of Cranford, and her mother was from Alwalton) and I would agree with that too. So, change Alice Freeman's birth from 1695-1600 at Preston Capes, to 1585-1595, location unknown (but likely in Northamptonshire). The WikiTree page says, abt. 1593, Northamptonshire, which is a good and acceptable "guestimate." See the Genealogical Summary, pages 214-215 of the article for changes to the estimates for dates of births for Henry Freeman's other children, Thomas, Henry and Jane, as well as burial and marriage dates. Also in the Genealogical Summary, at pages 215-216, we find a range for the date of Alice's marriage to Robert Parke, as between 30 May 1644 and 28 October 1644. Robert Parke was of Weathersfield at the time, and they moved to New London by 1651. Alice was living on 24 December 1658 when she witnessed a deed (Robert Parke of Southington to John Russell). Robert Parke, in his will of 14 May 1660, only mentioned sons from his first marriage. And finally, the baptism date for Thomas Parke (son of Robert Parke and his first wife Martha Chalplin, and husband of Alice's daughter Dorothy Tompson) should be corrected. He was not baptized on 13 February 1615/16(?). Footnote 46 on p. 217 of the Genealogical Summary explains that there is a burial of 25 February 1615/16 for that child. No record of baptism for this Thomas is found and the author suggests that Thomas Parke was "born say 1619." (For corrections for Alice's mother, Margaret Edwards, see below).

-West, Randy A.. "The English Origins of Christopher Peake of Roxbury, Massachusetts," The American Genealogist Vol. 87, no. 3 (Jan-Apr 2015, pub. Oct 2015), pp. 204-208. At page 207 in the genealogical summary we have details for Robert Peake, the wife of Margaret Tompson (above). He was baptized 6 November 1603 at Thorpe Achurch, Northamptonshire, buried there 13 December 1666. He left a will dated 28 November 1665 which names children Elizabeth Peake, Joseph Peake, Margaret Peake now wife of Thomas Chapman, Mary Peake now wife of James Ollaman, John Peake and Jonathan Peake. These names can now be added to the descendants of Alice Freeman. Robert's wife is not mentioned in the will, but a date for her burial is not included. Robert Peake was a son of Boniface Peake and Joan Clarke and a brother of Christopher Peake who immigrated to Roxbury, Massachusetts in 1634, and married Dorcas French. (Neither Robert Peake, nor Margaret Tompson are found on the AFTP).

-West, Randy A.. "New Information on the Edwards Ancestry of Alice (Freeman) (Tompson) Parke of Roxbury, Massachusetts and Connecticut," The American Genealogist Vol. 88, no. 4 (Oct 2016), pp. 302-309. Alice Freeman's mother was Margaret Edwards, daughter of Edward Edwards and Ursula Coles. Until now her date of baptism was not known. Margaret was baptized 25 September 1565 at Stoke Bruerne, Northamptonshire. There is also a problem with Margaret's burial as it appears on the database. There we have her "probably buried" 12 January 1603/4 at St. Andrews. This cannot be possible. Margaret was named in her mother's will dated 14 January 1606. In 1617 she is named in her brother, Peter Edwards will, and in 1637 is named in her son Thomas Freeman's will. Margaret clearly did not die in 1603/04. There is, however, a burial at St. Andrews for a Margaret Freeman (see here). But who she is, is not known (could she be Henry Freeman's mother???) Additional children are added for Edward Edwards and Usula Coles. Edward was a son of Peter Edwards and Susanna Samwell. A prior marriage for Susanna Samwell has been found. She was first married to John Bond. The dates of her marriage to Peter Edwards are narrowed down to 11 August 1533 to 2 August 1535. The date of death for Peter Edwards can be changed to between 14 October 1550 and 3 October 1551. Susanna Samwell married her third husband, John Arundell, between 3 October 1551 and 11 February 1556/57. John Arundell died by 30 October 1557 when his will was proved. Susanna married her fourth husband, John Bill, by 5 March 1557/58 (the date of his will). So, add two more husbands, not found in the database, for Susanna Samwell (John Bond and John Bill). Susan was buried at All Saints, Northampton, Northamptonshire on 23 February 1585/86. I would suggest consulting the Genealogical Summary in this article for considerably more info on descendants of Peter Edwards.

There are a lot of corrections here. I have created a PDF with revisions to the children and grandchildren of Alice Freeman. This document provides source citations and supersedes that what is shown on the current (and last) incarnation of the Descendants of Alice Freeman Thompson Parke website. It also supersedes any other PDFs I may have placed online in the past covering Alice Freeman's descendants or ancestry.

I would suggest that those researching Alice Freeman, her ancestors and children consult the articles mentioned above and published in The American Genealogist, copies of which are likely to be found in larger libraries and those with a department devoted to genealogy. And, if you have a significant interest in colonial era ancestors, I would recommend a subscription to the publication.

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PDF version of this post

Tuesday, October 2, 2018

YFull's YTree Update, v.6.06

YFull has updated their YTree. The current version is now 6.06. Hank Graham, administrator of the Brewer DNA Project has provided an update on the positions of the various Brewer DNA Project sub-groups on this latest version, which was released on September 30, 2018. The links provided will take you to pages on the YFull YTree.

1- Adam Brouwer group with 13 of 14 BigY participants shown on the YFull E-Y19643 YTree with 21 SNPs and two subclades (E-BY6245 with 1 SNP and E-BY6312 with five SNPs): https://www.yfull.com/tree/E-Y19643/ . YFull E-Y19643 is also known as FTDNA Haplogroup E-BY6201 

2- Ambrose Brewer group with one closely related Smith (R-Y18435*) and two Brewer (R-Y53883) members shown on the YFull R-T18435 YTree: https://www.yfull.com/tree/r-y18435/  

3- Arthur Brewer group with one closely related Fischier (J-Y18401*) and three Brewers in two more recent new subclades (J-Y18828 and J-Y51734): https://www.yfull.com/tree/J-Y18401/ YFull J-Y18401 is also known as FTDNA Haplogroup J-A1540 

4- Hubert Brower group with a second BigY tested Brower forming a new Haplogroup R-Y184707 with ten SNPs: https://www.yfull.com/tree/R-Y84707/ YFull R-Y184707 is also know as FTDNA Haplogroup R-BY91798. 

5- Jan Brouwer group with eight Members all in Haplogroup I-Y7214 with 42 SNPs: https://www.yfull.com/tree/i-y7214/ 

 6- John Brewer of Sudbury group with two members in Haplogroup R-FGC46823 with 24 SNPs: https://www.yfull.com/tree/R-FGC46823/  

7- "Lanier-Brewer" group with 25 of 26 Big Y Participants shown in I-Y15031 with 13 SNPs and four subclades (I-Y23708, I-Y21524, I-Y29640 with I-Y92502: https://www.yfull.com/tree/i-y15031/   

8- Peter Brewer- Bath, England to Tasmania group with one Brewer recently added to I-FGC56815* with multiple non Brewers including a Scott who is in the Brewer Project, this Haplogroup will change as recent participants are added: https://www.yfull.com/tree/i-fgc56815/ . On FTDNA the Scott Haplogroup has separated from I-FGC56815. [Note: on FTDNA's Y Haplotree, Scott is I-BY50117, which is shown as a subclade of I-FGC56855, which in turn is a subclade of I-FGC56815. Go to the FTDNA Haplotree, select view by Variants and go to Branch Name I-BY50117].

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