Sunset at Gowanus Bay

Sunset at Gowanus Bay
Sunset at Gowanus Bay, Henry Gritten, 1851

Monday, April 10, 2017

New Haplogroup Sub-branches for the Adam Brouwer Branch of YFull's YTree

The YFull online YTree has now been updated. The current version is v5.03. The new version splits our known descendants of Adam Brouwer into two sub-branches with their terminal SNPs (haplogroups) identified as E-Y19643 and E-BY6245.

The new revised branch appears as follows:

  • E-Y19643 Y19645  Y19643  A9487+15 SNPs formed 4000 ybp, TMRCA 425 ybp
    • E-Y19643*
      • id:YF08704
      • id:YF04988DEU [DE-NW]
      • id:YF03732DEU [DE-NW]
    • E-BY6245BY6245 formed 425 ybp, TMRCA 375 ybp
      • id:YF08703
      • id:YF05152DEU [DE-NW]

The earliest known ancestor (EKA) for each of the id numbers in the above are:

id: YF08704 = Benjamin Brewer (1755-1834) m. Catherine Mellinger and lived in Fayette County, Pennsylvania and later Washington County, Indiana.

id: YF04988 = John G. Brewer (1795-1886) m. Sarah Miller, and is believed to have been born at Trenton, New Jersey, and lived his life at Miami, Greene County, Ohio.

id: YF03732 = Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, L. I. through his son Abraham Brouwer who m. Cornelia Caljer and lived at Gowanus.

id: YF08703 and id: YF05152 = Peter Brewer (b. 1750-1760, d. 1840/41) m. Margaret Hobach and lived in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania and later Hardin County, Kentucky. The two descendants tested are first cousins.

Although only one of the above members can demonstrate an ancestry back to Adam Brouwer by way of traditional genealogical research, we do know that all must be descendants of Adam Brouwer by virtue of the fact that the results of their Y-DNA tests closely match both in earlier STR testing and the more recent and more advanced SNP testing. Please see the Adam Brouwer Sub-group Y-DNA Analysis page at the Brouwer Genealogy Database website for STR results and lineage charts of participating descendants.

Testing is done through the Brewer DNA Project affiliated with FamilyTreeDNA (FTDNA) using their Big-Y Test. FamilyTreeDNA presently assigns all five participants to the haplogoup E-BY6201. YFull's analysis, which utilizes more data from FTDNA's Big-Y test than FTDNA itself uses, gives us the two different haplogroups seen above. YFull's haplogroup assignment is considered superior to FTDNA's assignment.

The Adam Brouwer Sub-group of the Brewer DNA Project very much needs additional members to take the Big-Y test and have the results analyzed by YFull. The Project would especially like to see descendants who can confidently trace their lineage back to Adam Brouwer through his sons Pieter, Jacob and Nicholas, take the test. Existing members can immediately order the Big-Y test, while any new members would first have to take one of FTDNA's standard Y-DNA (STR marker) tests. Please contact the administrators of the Brewer DNA Project through the e-mail links available on the Project's webpage for more info.

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Friday, March 17, 2017

Links to Miscellaneous Brouwer Documents

2017 is the year I clean up my Brouwer (Brower and Brewer) Genealogy files. I'm working through hundreds of files, identifying ones that may be of help to future researchers and making them available online. Some are already there, but others have been overlooked until now.

Below are links to various documents that have been collected over the years while researching Brouwer families. They are various files, records, letters that I have only recently made available online. The documents have been placed online as PDFs on RootsWeb's Free Pages. They will remain online so long as RootsWeb, owned by, maintains the sites.

Indenture between John (Jan) Brower of Flatlands and Peter Brower, 22 April 1700. This is a transcript of the indenture obtained by William B. Bogardus from the file of William A. D. Eardeley at the Queens Borough Public Library, Jamaica, New York.

A Status Report on Research Into the Origins of Johannes Brouwer of Flatlands, New Amsterdam, by Richard D. Brewer (March 24, 2010).

A Narrative of Jan Brouwer, Richard D. Brewer, 2012, Introductory letter to Our Brewer Family Roots, Volume I: The First Four Generations, 1632-1812.

On the Lost Records of the West India Company, Richard D. Brewer (August 12, 2012).

BREWER in the Index to Will and Estate Records, Greene County, Pennsylvania.

BREWER and ROSE extracts from Early Landowners of Pennsylvania: Twp. Warrantee Maps of Fayette County, by Sharon MacInnes (Apollo, PA: Closson Press, 2005). Compiled by Marg Bond

New Jersey Estate Records - Brewer. Compiled by Charles Wells

Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files - Brewer

Index page including BREWERs in New York in the Revolution as Colony and State

Index page including BROWERs in New York in the Revolution as Colony and State

Index pages including ROOS, ROOSA, ROOSE, ROSA, ROSE and ROSS in New York in the Revolution as Colony and State

New York in the Revolution as Colony and State, Vol. 1 (Internet Archive)
New York in the Revolution as Colony and State, Vol. 2 (Internet Archive) 

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Wednesday, March 15, 2017

John Brewer (1796-1849) of Broadalbin, New York

John Brewer (1796-1849) of Broadalbin, New York is a descendant of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, Long Island. Proof of this ancestry is found in the Y-Chromosome DNA test of a direct male descendant of John Brewer. The tested descendant's test results match those of other known direct male descendants of Adam Brouwer. What is not known is John Brewer's paternal ancestry back to Adam Brouwer. The direct paternal lineage of our tested descendant of John Brewer can be seen on the Brouwer Genealogy Database website.

John Brewer died on 13 August 1849, age 53 years and 10 days, which gives us a calculated birth date of 3 August 1796. He was buried in Union Mills Cemetery. A Find-A-Grave memorial (#126042777) includes a photo of his gravestone. His remains had been removed from North Broadalbin Cemetery in 1930, when the Great Sacandaga Lake (a man made reservoir) was created. See the Union Mills Cemetery page of burials compiled by Dave Bixby. John Brewer can be found on the U. S. Federal Census records in 1820, 1830 and 1840 in Broadalbin which was in Montgomery County until 1838 and then in Fulton County which was created out of Montgomery County. John's widow, Elsie Brewer, identified by descendants as Elsie Mosher, is found as a head of household at Broadallbin on the 1850 U. S. census. Eight children have been identified for John and Elsie (Mosher) Brewer. All moved west during the decade of the 1850s, relocating in Illinois and Michigan and afterwards settling in Missouri. Elsie (Mosher) Brewer died in 1878 and is buried in Fairview Cemetery, Cockrell Twp., Chariton County, Missouri. Some descendants of John Brewer and Elsie Mosher can be found at the Brouwer Genealogy Database, however, a more complete accounting can be found at in the new Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, L. I. database being created there (note that a paid subscription to is required to view this database).

As mentioned above, John Brewer's direct paternal ancestry back to Adam Brouwer is not known. The identity of John's parents are not certain. I have seen suggestions (online) that John is the son of a Daniel Brewer. It has also been suggested that he may be a brother of a Russel Brewer who was born about 1804 and is found at Broadalbin in 1840. This Russel Brewer is then found in Edinburgh, Saratoga County, New York in 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880, however, he too is buried in Union Mills Cemetery in Broadalbin. Russel Brewer was married to Eliza A. Coon and had eight children. There are some shared names among the children of both John and Russel, including children named Daniel and James. It has been suggested that Russel Brewer is a son of a George Brewer who is found on the first U. S. census in 1790 at Watervliet, Albany County, New York. This George Brewer is said to have married Magdalena Outhout in 1772. This 32 year gap between the marriage and Russel's birth in about 1804 requires us to question this claim. Russel cannot be a son of a couple married 32 years prior to his birth. Perhaps he is a grandson?

The Brewer DNA Project (hosted by FamilyTreeDNA) seeks direct male descendants of Russel Brewer of Broadalbin and Edinburg, and of any other Brewer (or Brower) families that may have resided in Broadalbin during the first half of the 1800s. We would like to see if a connection can be made between the families of John Brewer and Russel Brewer. Interested descendants can join the Project at our main page and are welcome to contact the administrator with any questions. Please keep in mind that we do need a direct male descendant of a Broadalbin Brewer male to take a Y-DNA test. Autosomal testing, such as that offered by or by FamilyTreeDNA with their Family Finder test, is not suitable for our purposes.

Descendants of the Brewer families from Broadalbin, New York, those with interest in this line, or those with any insight into the ancestry of the Broadalbin Brewers should directly contact Larry Brewer. Hopefully we can eventually find the link that connects John Brewer to Adam Brouwer.

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Monday, January 30, 2017

Hubert Brower, New Sub-Group of the Brewer DNA Project

Work done over the past six months or so has enabled the Brewer DNA Project to identify descendants of Hubert Brower, the end result being the creation of the project's newest sub-group, "Hubert Brower, Immigrant to Philadelphia, 1726." Contributions from descendants taking Y-Chromosome DNA tests and by conducting traditional genealogical research as resulted in identifying Hubert Brower as an ancestor for some members who were previously unaware of this. It has also identified new lines of descendants of Hubert Brower. In short, Y-DNA testing has shown that the descendants of Henry Brewer (a.k.a. Henrich Brauer) of Bedford County, Pennsylvania, and the descendants of the Brower families of Randolph County, North Carolina, are in fact related to the Brower families of Chester County, Pennsylvania, descendants of the sons of Hubert Brower.

The new sub-group, formerly labeled "Under Consideration A," and now titled "Hubert Brower Immigrant to Philadelphia, 1726," can be found on the Y-DNA Results page of the Brewer DNA Project. It is color coded green. There are currently seven members in the new sub-group.

Key to the identification of this new sub-group was the identification of a direct male descendant of one of Hubert Brower's three sons (John, Christian and Henry) and his interest and willingness to participate by taking a Y-DNA test. A descendant of Henry Brower (b. 14 February 1720, d. 14 October 1784, Chester Co., Pennsylvania) through Henry's son Daniel Brower (1757-1809, of Chester and Montgomery Counties, Pennsylvania) was located thanks to the work of other members of the sub-group. His Y-DNA test results matched those of two descendants of Henry Brewer of Bedford County, of three descendants of the Randolph County Browers, and of one descendant of Abraham Brower (1758-1828) of Berks County, Pennsylvania. The clear matches required us to reconsider the previously accepted (but unproved) arrangement of the families of the sons of Hubert Brower. The Y-DNA test results, coupled with new traditional research which included the previously unknown or unconsidered baptism records of the sons of Johannes Brauer (John Brower) and his wife Hannah Echelbauer, provides us with the material for justifying the rearrangement of the first few generations of Hubert Brower's descendants. A summary of this rearrangement is available online.

Very little is known about Hubert Brower himself. His name is known from a document commonly referred to as "the Pass," which granted Hubert permission to immigrate to America in 1726 with his wife Anna and some children. The number and gender or genders of his children is somewhat unclear from translations of the original "Pass," but it is commonly believed and accepted by descendants that Hubert Brower had three sons, John, Christian and Henry, who settled in Coventry Twp., Chester County, Pennsylvania during the mid 1700s. No record of, or pertaining to Hubert, has been found in Pennsylvania, and it is believed that he died soon after his arrival. The date of his death and place of his burial is not known. It is believed that Hubert's widow Anna remarried a man named Johannes Roth and both are buried in Oak Grove Cemetery in Parker Ford, Chester Co., Pennsylvania.

As a tool to help locate provable descendants of Hubert Brower who would be interested in taking a Y-DNA test, I created a database (or "tree") on titled "Hubert Brower, Immigrant to Pennsylvania, 1726." A subscription to is required to view this database. This database supersedes what is found on the current edition of the Brouwer Genealogy Database regarding Hubert Brower and his descendants. The database is more complete, and corrects errors found on the BGD site. Other participants in this project also maintained databases on and it was through connections discovered while using that a fellow descendant of Hubert Brower was located.

Of the seven descendants who now form this new sub-group, one has done advanced SNP testing by taking FamilyTreeDNA's Big-Y test. Analysis of the lab results by the company YFull has identified the terminal SNP, and therefore haplogroup, of the descendant as R-Z29713. He can be found on YFull's YTree at this location (id:YF07996). Other member's of the sub-group are identified by FamilyTreeDNA with the predicted haplogroup R-M269. This haplogroup is much further back in time (formed more than 13000 years ago) and R-Z29713 is a more recent sub-haplogroup of R-M269. The current estimate (as of this writing) for the formation of R-Z29713 is 2000 years ago. Should more descendants of Hubert Brower decide to participate in more advanced Y-Chromosome SNP testing, then the current haplogroup identification may be refined further to a more recent time.

Thank you to all of the members of the new sub-group "Hubert Brower, Immigrant to Philadelphia, 1726," for your work and participation. This has been a perfect example of how collaboration and dedication, and the use of both traditional and genetic genealogy methods, can break through a "brick wall" problem that had long been absent a solution.

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Tuesday, January 24, 2017

The Brower Papers, 1734-1872, Part II

This continues the post of January 21, 2017. Below are links to documents numbered 10 to 17 of The Brower Papers, 1734-1872. The set, compiled by Muriel D. Schuman and Cleo Stuhlman were borrowed from William B. Bogardus in 2008.

No. 10. Indenture dated 5 March 1803 between Harme Brower of Palatine in Montgomery County and Margaret his wife, and Harme Brower, Jr., of the same place. The deed is for 47 acres of land in Palatine, New York.

No. 11. Indenture dated 5 March 1803 between Cornelius Brower of Palatine, Montgomery County and Elizabeth his wife, and Harme Brower, Jr., of the same place. This is a deed for lot number 22 in the Patent of Stone Arabia, Montgomery County.

No. 12. The will of Harme Brower of Stone Arabia, dated 14 March 1803. The testator names his son Wilhelmus, son Harme Brower, Jr., "farming utensils to be divided among my five sons," daughter Deborah Brower, three daughters Rebecca Van Deusen, Sarah Docksteder and Deborah Brower. Following the will is a receipt from John B. Jno. Van Eps, dated 1 October 1808 for the legacy left his wife Deborah by her father Harmen Brower.

No. 13. At the top of this page is a Bill of Money received from Benjamin Smith by Mr. Harmen Brower, dated 5 March 1794. The remainder of the page includes receipts from Jacob N. Doxstedder and Arindh Smith.

No. 14. Eight pages. Page 1 is an order for Arent Brower to appear before the Superior Court of Common Pleas in a matter of Hermanus Brower, plaintiff, v. Philip P. Empey. The remainder of the documents consists of varied minutes recorded in the courts (presumably Montgomery County) involving Harmen Brower. Dates are from the 1790s.

No. 15. The will of Herman Brower of the Town of Palatine, Montgomery County. Dated 11 January 1839. Names his wife, Magdalene, and sons and daughters. Signs with his mark. This is a fourteen page document and includes the probate record.

No. 16. Indenture dated 3 March 1848 between Herman H. Brower and Margaret his wife of the Town of Palatine, Montgomery County, and Frederick Brower of the same town and county. This is a deed for a woodlot in Palatine.

No. 17. Five pages of receipts and other varied court records involving Browers in Montgomery County. In at least one instance the surname is recorded as Brewer.

This concludes the links for PDFs of The Brower Papers, 1734-1872.

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Saturday, January 21, 2017

The Brower Papers, 1734-1872

"The Brower Papers, 1734-1872," are a set of transcriptions of indentures and wills and a few miscellaneous items pertaining to some descendants of William Brouwer and Rebecca Vedder of Schenectady and later of Stone Arabia, New York. For some background and thoughts on William Brouwer see the post of April 21, 2012.

"The Brower Papers, 1734-1872," were obtained from William B. Bogardus in late 2008 as a part of his large collection of Brouwer research. The papers themselves were compiled by Muriel D. Schuman and Cleo Stuhlman and were obtained by Bill from the Montgomery County Department of History and Archives in Fonda, New York. The transcripts are not dated (I do not know when the compilers did this work) but they are typed and in very good condition. I have split them into 17 separate documents, scanned them to PDFs and have placed them online. Fifteen of the documents are housed on RootsWeb's Free Pages, while two the documents (nos. 6 and 15) because of their size are available through a Google Drive account. The following list is a brief description of each and a link to the corresponding file.

No. 1. Indenture dated 1 September 1734 between Barhanardus Van diere of Bergen Co., New Jersey and numerous others all of Albany Co., New York and William Brower of "Schonaghton" for lots of woodland lying north of the Mohawk in Stone Arabia, Albany County.

No. 2. Deed for a wood lot in Stone Arabia from Hendreck Walrath to Hendreck Schremling dated 9 October 1739.

No. 3.  Deed from Hendreck Schremling to William Brower for six lots on the north side of the Mohawk, dated 10 December 1739.

No. 4. Bond of Cornelis Feele, Clas Feele and John Feele unto Margaret Acker, daughter of John Acker, dated 2 July 1743. "Margaret Acker" also known as Margariet Ekker or Ecker, was a daughter of Jan Ekker/Ecker/Ekkerson and Margrietje Vile, daughter of "Cornelis Feele" as his name is rendered in the bond. I have not worked out the genealogy but I would suspect that the three bondsman named "Feele" are Margaret's brothers. Margariet Ekker, baptized 21 July 1734 at Schenectady, married Harmanous Brouwer, 8 February 1755. Harmanous is a son of William Brouwer and Rebecca Vedder.

No. 5. The will of William Brower of "Stone Raby In the County of Albany on the Mohawks River yeoman," dated 10 February 1757. He is described as "Being Verry well in Good helth and Sound Perfect Mind and Memory." If born by 1669, which he would have had to have been if he is a son of William Brouwer who died in August 1668 and Lysbeth Drinkvelt, then William Brower of Stone Arabia would have been 86 or 87 years old in early 1757. The will was proved 15 February 1765, which again if born by 1669, would mean that William Brower may have lived to the age of 95 or 96.

No. 6. Indenture dated 2 June 1775 between Arent Brower and Harmen Brower, both of Stone Arabia.

No. 7. Indenture dated 22 May 1793 between Jacob Ekker, Abraham Coopman and Jacob G. Klock, Commissioners for Montgomery County, of the first part and Harmen Brower of the Town of Palatine, Montgomery County, of the second part. The parcels being sold to Harmen Brower appear to be lots that were confiscated from prior owners.

No. 8. Indenture dated 27 February 1798 between Cornelius Brower and Harme Brower, both of the Town of Palatine. The deed is for land that had been bequeathed in the will of William Brower to his sons Arent Brower and Harme Brower.

No. 9. The will of "John B. Jno. Van Eps" of the City of Schenectady, dated 25 March 1799. This would be Jan Baptist Van Eps, baptized 17 June 1752 at Schenectady, the son of Jan Baptist Van Eps and Maria Truax. In his will he names his wife Debora. Jan B. Van Eps married, as his second wife, Debora Brower on 26 January 1799. Debora is a daughter of Harmanus Brower and Margariet Ekker. The rather lengthy will of the elder Jan Baptist Van Eps can be found in Albany County Wills, vol. 3, pp. 241-246. It was dated 13 March 1800, followed by a codicil dated 24 May 1802 and an additional codicil dated 21 June 1805, proved 16 September 1805. The younger Jan Baptist Van Eps is said to have died 28 October 1821. His sister, Sarah Van Eps, married Wilhelmus Brower, a brother of Debora Brouwer.

The remaining eight documents and links will be presented in a following post.

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