Sunset at Gowanus Bay

Sunset at Gowanus Bay
Sunset at Gowanus Bay, Henry Gritten, 1851

Thursday, May 30, 2013

How to Properly Cite This Blog and Other Websites

The Brouwer Genealogy Database website was first placed online on July 29, 2008. At the same time I started a companion blog site using the now defunct "Mobile Me" service from Apple. That original blog was replaced by this current blog beginning on July 6, 2011. As the websites approach their fifth anniversary of continuous operation, I believe I am long overdue in addressing just how material from the websites can be used and should be cited.

Over the years I have found numerous instances where content that I placed online has been used by others on either personal websites, blogs or in "Family Trees" constructed at websites such as In many of these instances the material has been adequately cited so that readers are made aware that the material originated at the Brouwer Genealogy Database website or this blog site, or one of the other Database websites I've placed online (New England Brewers, Drake, Alice Freeman, Drake of Devonshire). Let me also make it perfectly clear that I have no qualms with others using the material. If I did I would not have placed it online to begin with. Instead I would have hoarded it at home in my computer files or in physical files where it would be of use to no one but me. But I simply do not see the purpose in doing that. For some background and guidance on how to use the Brouwer Genealogy Database (and the other websites) please see "About the Brouwer Genealogy Database" which I originally placed online in 2008. In this document I do mention that while free, non-commercial use of the material is granted, I do expect that when material is used it is properly cited. I am coming back to this now because I have found a few instances where certain persons have simply copied entries from the BGD website, source citations and all, and pasted them to their own blog pages, websites or Family Trees, living their readers with the impression that the material was generated by themselves. That's just not right.

As mentioned, anyone is free to use the material found these associated websites, provided it is for non-commercial use, but whether you use it in an altered format, or if you simply "copy and paste," I would ask that you please cite the material properly. While there are a number of variations on the correct "styles" (Chicago Manual of Style, being just one) on how to create a citation, I'll simply demonstrate one. If, for example, you wished to cite the blog post regarding the Family of Adam Brouwer and Magdalena Verdon, a citation could appear like this:

Chester, Chris, "The Family of Adam Brouwer and Magdalena Verdon." Brouwer Genealogy. June 1, 2012. (If you like, you could also include the date you accessed the blog page).

For info or entries from the Brouwer Genealogy Database (example):
Adam Brouwer, "Brouwer Genealogy Database." Accessed May 30, 2012.
For any specific information you then could mention the sources that I cited, example: (the above citation) followed by: citing Hoffman, William J., "Brouwer Beginnings," The American Genealogist, vol. 23 (1947): page 193.

Of course, you could also simply use a link back to the original page (The Family of Adam Brouwer and Magdalena Verdon, for example). A proper citation, however, would add more credibility to your own work, and frankly is just the right thing to do.*

Sources for this post:
The Chicago Manual of Style Online. "Chicago Style Citation Quick Guide." Accessed May 30, 2012.

Fenner, Martin, "How to formerly cite a blog post." Goobedygook. July 21, 2011.

*One note of caution. While the url for the main page of the Brouwer Genealogy Database will remain constant, the url's that would take one to any single individual profile found on the website will change each time that I update the database. I would therefore advise users to cite the url for the main page rather than for any individual pages on which a profile appears.

Monday, May 20, 2013

Children of Peter Brewer and Hannah Sanborn: Thomas Brewer

Thomas Brewer, born about 1817 in Vermont (age 33 in 1850), is probably a son of Peter Brewer and Hannah Sanborn. Thomas is recorded as Thomas G. Bruer on the 1850 U. S. Federal census at Highgate, Franklin County, Vermont. He is a farmer and is enumerated as the head of household no. 460, immediately following Schuyler Brewer who is the head of family no. 459.

Other then U. S. census records no other records have been found concerning Thomas Brewer. His wife was named Jane, and the research of others has stated that her name was Jane E. Hardy. I have been unable to confirm this with an independent record. No record of marriage has been located. Jane is aged 33, born in Vermont on the 1850 census; age 43, born in New York on the 1860 census; age 55, born in New York on the 1870 census; and age 65, born in New York on the 1880 census. The household of Thomas Brewer is found in 1860 at St. Albans, Franklin Co., Vermont. In 1870 they are back in Highgate, and in 1880 the family is in Newport, Orleans Co., Vermont. Orleans County is the county immediately east of Franklin County and borders Canada as well. The 1880 census is the last record thus far located for Thomas Brewer.

Two children have been identified. A son, George M. Brewer, was born in November 1849 (1900 U. S. census) and his found on the census records with his parents in 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. On the last his relationship to Thomas Brewer (the head of household) is stated to be son. George M. Brewer was married to Elmira H. (or A.) Cane on 25 March 1885 at Newport, Vermont. They are found on the 1900 census at Hooksett, Merrimack Co., New Hampshire with son Orlando Brewer, age 14. In 1910 they are at Manchester, Hillsborough Co., New Hampshire. The household includes son, Charles O. Brewer, age 24. George and Elmira appear to have had just one child. The 1900 census records George's wife as Harriet E. Brewer, and records that she has had one child. She was age 39, born in April 1861 in Vermont. The birth record of her son records her as Elmira H. Dwire. The son, Charles Orlando Brewer, was born 26 March 1886 at Charleston, Orleans Co., Vermont. The record of his birth is recorded in the Vermont vital records. He was married to Mabel A. Partridge on 31 March 1915 at Newport, Vermont (Vermont Vital Records). Charles O. Brewer died 22 July 1956 in Placer Co., California. It is not known if they had children. Neither George M. Brewer nor his wife, Elmira, have yet been located after 1910.

The second child of Thomas Brewer and his wife Jane, was a daughter, Sarah R. Brewer, born about 1853 in Vermont (age 7 in 1860). The 1900 census states that she was born in September 1852. Sarah was married twice. On 26 December 1877, at Derby, Orleans Co., Vermont, she was married to Orlando Griffin. They had one child, Laura Griffin, born in 1883. The 1900 census records that she had one child (that being Laura, age 17). Orlando Griffin died 22 September 1912 at Derby, Vermont, and on 9 April 1913, Sarah married Levi O. Corliss at St. Albans, Vermont. Sarah died on 28 December 1914 at Derby, Vermont. Her daughter, Laura Griffin, has not been researched any further.

Source citations for Thomas Brewer and his descendants can be found at the Brouwer Genealogy Database website, and at (see Thomas Brewer).

Additional, verifiable information on Thomas Brewer is welcomed.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

"The Paper Trail of Elazarus Brewer"

A few weeks back I received a copy of the May 2012 (vol. 23, no. 5) issue of The Monmouth Connection, a publication of the Monmouth County (New Jersey) Genealogical Society. Of interest in this publication is an article researched and written by Lawrence Lippert titled, "The Paper Trail of Elazarus Brewer." The editor of The Monmouth Connection, and the author of the article have generously given me permission to make it available through this website.

Elazarus Brewer was born in Shrewsbury, Monmouth County, New Jersey, the son of Adam Brewer and his first wife, Deborah Allen. The date of his birth varies depending on the source considered. I've seen both 23 June 1730 and 23 May 1731 as dates for his birth. No record of baptism exists for Elazarus (his parents were members of the Society of Friends). He is a great-grandson of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, Long Island.

The article was published by the Monmouth County Genealogical Society in four parts, in their newsletter, The Monmouth Connection, beginning with volume 23, no. 5 (May 2012), and continuing in volume 23, no. 6 (July 2012), volume 24, no. 1 (September 2012) and ending with volume 24, no. 2 (November 2012). The four parts have been arranged into one PDF for convenience. Descendants of Elazarus Brewer will certainly be interested, and those researching other Monmouth County, and particularly Shrewsbury families, will likely find the article to be of interest as well.

"The Paper Trail of Elazarus Brewer," by Lawrence Lippert, The Monmouth Connection vol. 23, no. 5 (May 2012). The article begins at the bottom of the right hand column and is preceded by a brief profile of the author.

Thanks to Rick Geffken for bringing this article to my attention, to Judy Bretzger, editor of The Monmouth Connection and to Lawrence Lippert, the author for their permission to make the article available, and to Liz Johnson for creating the PDF.

Thursday, May 16, 2013

Records of the Dutch Congregations of Freehold and Middletown, GMNJ vol. 38

The final installment of records of the Reformed Dutch Congregations of Freehold and Middletown, Monmouth County, New Jersey, were published in the Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, volume 38 (1963). They appear in issue No. 1 of that volume and are concluded.

The records start with baptisms, continuing from volume 37, with the last date given there being 28 May 1843. They continue to 26 April 1851. In most cases the birth date of the child is also recorded. Witnesses and/or sponsors are not given. The baptisms are followed by a list of Members beginning with the year 1839 and continuing for each year until 1851. The list of members is then followed by Marriages beginning with the year 1839 and covering each year through 1851. Finally there is a correction to the member list from volume 37, which adds the names of some members who were omitted from the list published in volume 37.

Records Dutch Congregations Freehold and Middletown, GMNJ v. 38 (1963)

Wednesday, May 15, 2013

Children of Peter Brewer and Hannah Sanborn: Peter Earl Brewer

Peter Earl Brewer is a presumed son of Peter Brewer and Hannah Sanborn of Highgate, Vermont. As with his siblings, no record of birth has been found for Peter. He was born about 1810. The U. S. census records for the years 1850 and onward consistently record his age as 40 in 1850, 50 in 1860, 59 in 1870 and 70 in 1880. All of the records state his place of birth as Vermont.  Peter E. Brewer died on 17 February 1894 in Richland Co., Wisconsin. His death is registered with the Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services and can be found in the Wisconsin Death Index.

Peter Earl Brewer married prior to 1843, Lucy Edson. She was born about 1815 in Vermont. I have not made an attempt to trace her ancestry. In 1850 Peter and Lucy are found on the census at Highgate, Vermont, with their surname recorded as Bruer, and in the household are sons (although not specified as such on the census) Henry, age 6, Peter, age 4, and Lowren (Loren) age 1. Also in the household is Eliza Edson, age 17.

By 1855, Peter had moved his family to Richland County, Wisconsin, where he is found on the state census of that year. He remained at Richland Center, Richland County, Wisconsin for the remainder of his life and as mentioned above, can be located on the U. S. census there in each of the years 1860, 1870, and 1880. Peter is buried in the Richland Center Cemetery. Lucy Edson, who died 6 April 1884, is buried there as well.

Peter and Lucy had seven known children, all of who appear with them on various census records. They were born between 1843 and 1861, and all but the youngest two were born in Vermont. All seven married and children and descendants have been found for five of Peter and Lucy's children.

The eldest child, Henry Brewer, was born about 1843, presumably at Highgate, Vermont, and was married to Matilda Davis on 9 March 1874 at Sylvan Twp., Richland Co., Wisconsin. Henry and Matilda had two children, William Seth Brewer (married Lillie B. Conkle and had four children), and Nina Jane Brewer (married Ransom L. Johnston and had five children). Henry Brewer died at a relatively young age in 1885. His wife, Matilda, outlived him by fifty years (died in 1935) but never remarried and remained in Richland County.

The second child, Peter Sylvester Brewer, was born in Vermont on 28 January 1847 and died at Freeport, Stephenson Co., Illinois on 9 March 1929. He was married to Anna Rebecca Rodefer (1847-1928) on 12 August 1869 in Richland County, Wisconsin. The couple is found in Richland County through 1905, and in 1910 are at Monroe, Green Co., Wisconsin and in 1920 are living in Dubuque, Iowa. The couple had five sons born between 1870 and 1884. A descendant has recently joined the Brewer DNA Project and we are awaiting the results of his Y-DNA test.

Loren Edson Brewer was born 16 April 1849 in Vermont. He was married to Hannah Dorgan on 2 June 1874 in Richland County, Wisconsin. Loren E. Brewer died 20 November 1932 in Richland County. Hannah Dorgan, who was born in 1857, died on 1 August 1941 in Richland County. The couple is believed to have had three children, two of who are known by name. Daughter Katherine, born about 1877, was married to John Eugene Wallace. Son Francis Leo, born 7 April 1888, was married to Mary Margaret Kelly. On the 1900 U. S. census, Hannah is stated to have had three children with two of them currently living. Both Katherine and Francis Leo had children.

Heber Brewer, also recorded as Heber R. Brewer and as Michael H. Brewer, was born 8 August 1851 in Vermont and died 17 March 1934. He is buried at Richland Center, Wisconsin. Heber was married to Maria Dorgan (1851-1938) on 30 October 1875. Maria was a sister of Hannah Dorgan, the wife of Heber's brother Loren. Heber and Maria had four children, two daughters (Josephine and Lucy) and two sons (Jeremiah Gregory and William Jennings Bryan) and lived most of their life in Richland Center, Wisconsin. The 1910 census, however, finds them at Black Earth, Dane Co., Wisconsin, and although they are back at Richland in 1920, in 1930 they are in Madison, Wisconsin. All four children were married and descendants have been found for all except son William J. B. Brewer.

Eliza Lillie Brewer was born about 1854 in Vermont. She was married to Lewis Richardson on 5 April 1874 in Richland County, Wisconsin. The couple had three known children and are found on the 1880 census in Richland County. The family has not yet been found on the 1900 U. S. census, and dates or places of death have not been discovered for either Eliza or her husband.

Lydia H. Brewer was born in November 1858 in Wisconsin (1900 census). She was married to David H. Blakeman on 11 January 1880 at Richland Center, Wisconsin. The couple had two daughters, Ida M. Blakeman (b. Dec 1880, m. Thomas Peterson) and Idonia Blakeman (b. 6 June 1884, m. William J. Stewart/Steward). Lydia can be found in Richland Center through 1920, and in 1930 is in Lyle, Mower Co., Minnesota in the household of her daughter, Ida Peterson. Both are widows. David Blakeman had died in 1926 in Mower County, Minnesota. A date of death has not been found for Lydia.

Ellen S. Brewer was born 5 February 1861 at Richland Center, Wisconsin. She died 15 October 1923 at Richland Center and is believed to have been married twice. Her first husband was David Davis who was deceased by 1891. No marriage record has been located. Ellen was married in September 1901 to Hans H. Lien who was born in Norway in 1864, and lived until 1945. No children have been found by either husband.

Some details and source citations for Peter Earl Brewer and Lucy Edson, and their descendants can be found on the Brouwer Genealogy Database website. I have, however, recently researched the descendants further using, and much more info on descendants can be found below Peter E. Brewer at the tree created at (See Peter E. Brewer).

Thursday, May 9, 2013

Unplaced: Henry Brewer of Berkeley Co., Virginia and Adams Co., Ohio

Henry Brewer of Berkeley Co., Virginia and Adams Co., Ohio was born in March 1765 (location unknown) and died 20 February 1829 at Adams Co., Ohio. A descendant has participated in the Brewer DNA Project, and the results of his Y-DNA test have confirmed that he, and his earliest confirmed direct ancestor, Henry Brewer, are descendants of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, Long Island.

Original records or documents pertaining to Henry Brewer are few. The one to begin with is his Revolutionary War Pension Application which he filed while living in Adams County, Ohio in 1818. This application is the source for his month and year of birth (March 1765), but unfortunately, it does not name the place of birth, nor does it name his parents. The date of his death (and that of his wife) comes from a claim for bounty lands filed by his heirs in 1830. In his application Henry Brewer states that enlisted for service during the Revolutionary War in December 1779 at Martinsburg, Berkeley Co., Virginia (this location is today in the state of West Virginia). He served for two years in Capt. John Melon, or Malon's Company of Col. Joseph Crockett's Virginia Regiment. He enlisted again in April 1782 and served as a private in Capt. Shaffner's Company, Col. Armand's Legion, and was discharged in the fall of 1782. His pension was executed on 13 June 1818, when Henry was a resident of Adams Co., Ohio. It appears that Henry dictated the information on his pension and signed it with his mark. In November of 1820 he submitted an inventory of his property which totaled $151.37 1/2, and again signed with his mark. On 15 April 1830, Elijah Brewer, one of the heirs at law of Henry Brewer, now deceased, applied to the United States Government to receive bounty lands that were due Henry. This application lists the heirs of Henry Brewer as Mrs. Polly Davis of Romney, Virginia; Mrs. Peggy Hansberry or Handsberry, of Fairfield Co., Ohio; Mrs. Sally Williams, Anna Boldman wife of James Boldman, Elijah Brewer, Susan Brewer and Charles Brewer, all of Adams Co., Ohio.

The other record found regarding Henry Brewer is his marriage to Sarah Hawke on 14 February 1786 in Berkeley Co., Virginia (now West Virginia). He is recorded here as Henry BRUER, and his wife as Sarah HAWKE (see West Virginia Vital Research Marriage record results).

Federal census records for the years 1790 and 1800 for the State of Virginia, do not exist. On the 1810 census, as Henry "Bower," he is found in Berkeley Co., Virginia, with a household of 4 males under 10, 2 males 10-15, 2 males 16-25, 1 male over 45, 2 females 10-15, 1 female 16-25, 1 female over 45. In 1820 he is found, as Henry Brower, at Jefferson, Adams Co., Ohio, with a household of 2 males 16-26, 1 male over 45, 1 female 10-16, 1 female 16-26, 1 female 26-45, 1 female over 45, 3 persons engaged in agriculture.

The above is all we have of the hard records regarding the life of Henry Brewer, who is referred to as Bruer or Brower in three of the four. Below is an image of Henry Bruer's marriage record as recorded in the Berkeley Co. register. Henry is seventh up from the bottom, above the marriage of Tunis Quick (another surname that would be familiar to anyone who has spent much time researching colonial New York and New Jersey families).

Henry Bruer - Sarah Hawke Marriage (courtesy Robyn Brewer-Ritz)
Back on January 15, 2012, I posted "Discovery of an Abraham Brewer in Berkeley County, Virginia." I now believe that this Abraham Brewer is most likely the Abraham Brouwer, probably born about 1745, son of Daniel Brouwer and Marietje Koning. He would be a great-grandson of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, Long Island. Abraham was married twice and his first known wife was Sara Van Orden. No record of marriage has been found, but the couple had their first known child, Daniel, baptized on 24 Aug 1770 at Schraalenburgh, Bergen Co., New Jersey. Abraham and his family were among a number of Dutch families that left New Jersey for a new settlement at Conewago (then in York Co.), Pennsylvania. Abraham and Sara's son, David, was baptized there in 1775. In 1774, an Abraham Brewer is found on a list of tithables at Berkeley Co., Virginia (see the January 15, 2012 post).

An important read for anyone researching families that settled in the areas of Kentucky and Ohio (which are separated by the Ohio River), is "The Low Dutch Company, A History of the Holland Dutch Settlements of the Kentucky Frontier," by Vincent Akers, published in de Halve Maen, in four parts beginning with volume 55 (1980) no. 2. In this article, Mr. Akers mentions that "Beginning about 1769 and continuing through the early 1770s, several Conewago families moved to Berkeley County, Virginia (now Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia) about forty miles southwest of Conewago. They settled near present-day Shepherdstown." Although the name Brower (or Brewer) is missing from his short list of families who settled at Shepherdstown, this information does provide us with a reason and an opening for Abraham Brewer, who is known to have been at Conewago at this time, to have the opportunity to acquire some interest in and/or possibly settle at Berkeley County, Virginia. Therefore, this Abraham Brouwer, originally from Schraalenburgh, New Jersey, and then Conewago, Pennsylvania, is the best, and apparently only candidate, to be the Abraham Brewer who was assessed in Berkeley County, Virginia in 1774.

Our Abraham Brouwer, later seen as Abraham Brewer, eventually went on to settle at Harrodsburg, Mercer County, Kentucky, along with other Dutch families from Conewago, Pennsylvania and Berkeley Co., Virginia. In Mercer Co., Kentucky, Abraham married his second known wife, Mary Wells, on 6 June 1817. Abraham and Mary had three children. He wrote his will there on 16 September 1825 and mentioned a number of children, but does not mention a son named Henry. (See Daniel Brewer and Abraham Brewer Wills).

Although it may appear that Abraham Brouwer/Brewer, later of Mercer County, Kentucky, is the best known candidate for the father of Henry Brewer, we still lack the evidence to claim this relationship as factual. The fact that Henry is not named in Abraham's will is a strike against the idea, however, it has to be remembered that not every child of the testator is necessarily named in every will. Abraham Brouwer/Brewer is a descendant of Adam Brouwer through Adam's son Pieter Brouwer. We do have four confirmed descendants of Pieter Brouwer who have participated in the Brewer DNA Project and the descendant of Henry Brewer matches three of the four on 36 of 37 markers (the fourth only tested twelve markers). That is a very close match, and it may be that Henry, if not a son of Abraham Brouwer/Brewer may be a nephew, or some other close relation, and also descended from Pieter Brouwer. (See Adam Brouwer DNA results page at the BGD website).

Over the past few years more and more vital and other records have become available online, primarily through FamilySearch and Over the past couple of months I have revisited the problem of Henry Brewer, and although I have been unable to locate anything that would verify his origins, I have been able to locate a large number of descendants. These can be seen on a Family Tree created at (Henry Brewer of Adams Co., Ohio). This same Family Tree includes some descendants of Margaret Brewer (married John Williams), Mary Brewer (married Patrick Timmonds) and Sophia Bruer (married Alexander Cameron), three woman who have been claimed as sisters of Henry Brewer, however, it must be emphasized that evidence for the claims has not been discovered.

Margaret Brewer
Mary Brewer
Sophia Bruer

Each of the three (Margaret, Mary and Sophia) has a "story" which provides a basis of information for each. It should also be mentioned that Margaret Brewer (whose son James Williams married Sarah Brewer, daughter of Henry Brewer) was not a wife of James Williams (1759-1842, Revolutionary War veteran) as shown in the current version of the Brouwer Genealogy Database. Further research on the early Williams families in Ohio have satisfied me that James Williams was married first to Nancy Piatt and second to Elizabeth (Murphy) Miller, and could not have married Margaret Brewer. John Williams has been stated to be the husband of Margaret Brewer and we will go with that claim with the caveat that no original records have been located to substantiate the claim, and any relationship between John Williams and James Williams (1759-1842) has not been determined.

The question of Henry Brewer's origins remains unanswered. Unfortunately he lived during a time (1760-1830) and at places (Berkeley Co., Virginia, and the Ohio River Valley area) where few records were made and few have survived. Most reliable data on families from this period is found in "Family Records," Bible records and memoirs that have been carefully handed down from generation to generation (the provenance of such records is important to document). However, second and third hand accounts of the early settlers can also be found. This second category is less reliable, and often the claims and statements, which may have well been believed to have been true by the original authors, do not hold up when compared with first hand information that can be located. I'm afraid that many present day descendants of Henry Brewer have been steered off course by such accounts. Perhaps the day will come when some long lost family record of Henry Brewer's will be discovered and made available for his descendants to consider. Until then, or until some other original discovery, Henry Brewer will just have to remain in limbo.

Wednesday, May 8, 2013

Hillsborough (Millstone) Reformed Church Baptisms

The Hillsborough Reformed Church in Somerset County, New Jersey was organized in 1766. A baptism register, with a brief introduction, was published in the Somerset County Historical Quarterly, volume 7 (1918). The baptism register begins in 1767 (only two baptisms) and continues uninterrupted through 1807.

Hillsborough Reformed Church Baptisms, SCHQ v. 7 (1918)

Wednesday, May 1, 2013

Neshanic Reformed Church Baptismal Records

The baptism records of the Reformed Church called the Neshanic Reformed Church, 1762 to 1796, were published in the Somerset County Historical Quarterly, volume 1 (1912).

The Neshanic Reformed Church is in Hillsborough, Somerset County, New Jersey. It was originally established in 1752. The baptism records as published by the SCHQ are arranged alphabetically. There is a short introduction to the records. Many family names familiar to those researching the original families of Kings County, Long Island, are found among these baptism records.

RDC Neshanic, Somerset Co., NJ, Baptisms 1762-1796, SCHQ v. 1 (1912)