Sunset at Gowanus Bay

Sunset at Gowanus Bay
Sunset at Gowanus Bay, Henry Gritten, 1851

Saturday, February 8, 2020

Additions to Cornelius Brewer of Shrewsbury, New Jersey

The previous post of January 29, 2020 corrects Gilbert Brewer/Brower, the son of Cornelius Brewer and Jane Williamson. With this post we will update Cornelius Brewer's profile as found on the Brouwer Genealogy Database (BGD). As a reminder, the BGD can no longer be updated. What was placed online there with the last update of early 2016 is there to stay, errors and all. As the need arises, I will be using posts here to correct and/or add to what is found on the BGD.

We can start by adding a date of death for Cornelius Brewer. The New Jersey Death and Burials, 1720-1988 Index found at, gives the date and place of death for Cornelius Brewer as 27 July 1860 at Port Washington (sic), Monmouth County, New Jersey. While the date is likely correct, the location is a problem. There is no accompanying image with this record, but there is no location within Monmouth County, New Jersey called Port Washington. Port Washington is a hamlet within the Town of North Hempstead in Nassau County, New York. Cornelius Brewer, age 85, born in New Jersey is found on the 1860 U. S. census at Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., New Jersey. He is in the household of George Jeffery (age 34) and Elizabeth Jeffery (age 30), and the sheet that they are enumerated on is dated 17 July 1860. It's likely that Cornelius died at Shrewsbury. Family relationships were not recorded on the 1860 U. S. census, but it appears that Elizabeth is Cornelius Brewer's daughter, but with her age understated by perhaps ten years.

Cornelius Brewer was married twice. His first marriage was to Jane Williamson, and she apparently died by 30 December 1815 when Cornelius married his second wife. The marriage record of Cornelius Brewer and Lydia Hurley, on 30 December 1815, in Monmouth County, recorded 27 January 1816 by Justice William Brinley can be found in New Jersey County Marriages, 1682-1956 at FamilySearch. An image is available with this record. The household of Cornelius Brewer, found on the 1850 U. S. census at Atlantic Township, Monmouth Co., New Jersey, includes Lydia Brewer, age 65. Cornelius is age 78. Also in the household are David Brewer, age 51 and Elizabeth Brewer, age 30. Marital status is not filled in on the sheet, and it appears likely that the two are children of Cornelius. The BGD shows Elizabeth as a daughter of Jane Williamson, however, based upon her age, it is more likely that she is a daughter of Lydia Hurley. Lydia is not recorded on the 1860 census. Civil records, such as the U. S. census and New Jersey vital records, record Cornelius with the surname BREWER, while the Reformed Dutch Church records (Freehold-Middletown) record him with the surname BROWER or BROUWER. This seems to be a typical pattern for New Jersey where many Dutch or German names were Anglicized by court and government recorders or clerks. I have not found a burial record for Cornelius nor for either of his two wives.

Additions to the children of Cornelius Brewer/Brower:

David Brewer - David was baptized at Freehold-Middletown on 8 July 1799. As his parents were married on 10 February 1798, it is apparent that he is his parents first child. The New Jersey Births and Christenings, 1660-1980 index at FamilySearch, however, gives a date of birth as 16 November 1799, which pre-dates the baptism date, although it cites the Dutch Reformed Church record (no image available in the FamilySearch index). The deed cited in the post of January 29, 2019, mentions David as an heir of his mother Jane Williamson and his grandfather William Williamson. It also mentions that he has a wife named Caroline. The deed was dated 20 March 1838. "New Jersey, United Methodist Church Records, 1800-1970," found at, has a marriage for David Brewer to Caroline Maps, both of Shrewsbury, date of 2 March 1826. See the fourth entry down from the top on the image below.

United Methodist Church Marriages (download from
I don't doubt that this marriage belongs to David Brewer, the son of Cornelius Brewer and Jane Williamson. Curiously though, Caroline is the only spouse who does not sign the deed. Gilbert and Johnston's wives both signed (Monmouth Deeds V3:35). Apparently David and Caroline separated prior to, at least, 1850, perhaps earlier. They did, however, have a son Henry Brower, born 19 September 1831. The 1830 U. S. census lists David Brewer at Shrewsbury with a household of 1 male age 30-40, 1 female under age 5 and 1 female age 20-30. This likely implies that David and Caroline had a daughter born prior to the taking of the census, but perhaps died in childhood as I can find no other reference to her. I do not find David at Shrewsbury in a search of the 1840 U.S. census, however, the household of Cornelius Brewer includes a male age 40-50 who may well be David, implying that he and Caroline separated prior to 1840, and probably before 1838 as she did not sign the deed. As mentioned above, in 1850, David, age 51, is found in the household of his father, Cornelius Brewer. In 1850, Caroline Brower, age 40 and Henry Brower age 18, are found in the household of Zenas Maps, age 64 and Nancy Maps, age 62, Caroline's parents, at Ocean, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Caroline can be found, as Caroline Brower, on census records from 1860 through 1880 in Ocean, specifically at Eatontown which was created in 1873 out of parts of Ocean and Shrewsbury. She died 12 October 1893 and is buried at the Old First Methodist Church Cemetery in West Long Branch (Find-A-Grave memorial #5011796 which mentions obituaries in the Red Bank Register of October 18, 1893. I am unable to find David on the 1860 U. S. census or the 1865 New Jersey State census, however, the 1870 U. S. census has David Brewer, age 70, in Ocean (Eatontown Post Office), domiciled in the Town Poor House. No record of his death or burial has been found. I suspect he died during the 1870s. David and Caroline's son, Henry Brower, was born 19 September 1831 and died 25 April 1901 and is buried in the Old First Methodist Cemetery. He married Jane Price (1838-1895) on 19 November 1865. The couple had two children. Daughter, Katherine/Kate P. Brower (1868-1952) married George L. Gibbs (1864-1920). Son, Harry Maps Brower (1873-1942) married Pearl M. Schack (Shock in the marriage record transcription) and had two daughters. Numerous records for the descendants of David and Caroline can be found online at, and Find-A-Grave and I'll leave it to those interested to search them out. There are some nice portrait photographs of Caroline (Maps) Brower, Henry Brower and Jane Price that can be found on There are none of David. He is not even mentioned in their obituaries.

Gilbert Brower/Brewer, the second son of Cornelius and Jane (Williamson) Brewer, was born 11 September 1801, and baptized 18 November 1802 as per the register of the Dutch Reformed Church at Freehold and Middletown. We briefly cover Gilbert in the January 29, 2020 post. As mentioned there, Gilbert died in 1847, thirteen years prior to his father. His wife, Deborah Tabor Morris, remarried Francis Whitmill (1813-1892) and died in 1857. User submitted trees on place her as a daughter of Jacob Morris and Anne Lewis Wolcott, and although I have not researched this myself, I don't doubt it as Gilbert and Deborah, twice named a son, Jacob Morris Brower. On the 1850 U. S. census Deborah is found in Brooklyn, New York with her second husband who is enumerated as "Thos. Whitmall," and three of her Brower children, William, Gilbert H. and Jacob M. Also in the household are Mary Whitmall, age 10 and Elizabeth Whitmall, age 7, who must be from a previous marriage of Deborah's second husband. Gilbert and Deborah had eight children, three of whom (Jane, a second Jane, and a first Jacob Morris Brower) all died in infancy or very early childhood. A second Jacob Morris Brower (1842-1861) died at Alexandria, Virginia after enlisting for service during the Civil War. Names, dates of birth and death of the children is taken from a transcript of a Bible record held by the Jersey Blue Chapter of the D.A.R. Provenance for the Bible record is not stated. The copy of the transcript, online here, was received from William B. Bogardus. Gilbert is called "Gilbert Henry Brower" in this document but I find no other record for Gilbert that uses that name. A son was named Gilbert Henry Brower (1838-1914). His profile on the BGD can be updated. In addition to the four children found there, add two more who died in childhood, Deborah Tabor Brower (5 July 1871-3 November 1871) and Ida Lavenia Brower (24 September 1877-14 July 1878). Both are buried at Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery. The younger Gilbert's wife was Hannah Elizabeth Travis (1845-1903). She died in New Jersey, and an obituary appears in The Brooklyn Citizen of April 4, 1903. User submitted trees on place her as a daughter of John Conklin Travis and Hannah Ketcham. I have not researched this through. Four of Gilbert and Hannah's children reached adulthood, married and had children. Daniel Ketcham Brower (1867-1943) married Mary Elizabeth Evans and had four children. Zeruah Ann Brower (1869-1908) married John Cosman Wandell and had a daughter Gertrude Wandell. John C. Wandell married again after Zeruah's death, died himself in 1947 and had other children from his second marriage. In 1870 and in 1880 Gilbert and his family is found in Brooklyn, New York. However, it appears that for at least a few years in between, during the 1870s, the family lived at Isle La Motte, Grand Isle Co., Vermont which is in Lake Champlain in northern Vermont near the Canadian border. Daughter Ida Lavenia, mentioned above, has a record of birth there, as does daughter Hannah Augusta Brower (1875-1954) who married Allen Marvin Hall (1873-1940) and had five sons. This family lived at Isle La Motte. The profile of Hannah Augusta Brower on the BGD can be corrected by eliminating the suggestion that she was "probably born in Brooklyn." She was born at Isle La Motte. Gilbert and Hannah's daughter Mary E. Brower (ca. 1879-1957) married Edward Hartshorne Green (1881-1957) and had a son, Edward H. Green, Jr. They lived first at Brooklyn and then at various locations in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Researchers of the descendants of Gilbert H. Brower and Hannah E. Travis can find a good amount on their descendants, including some nice portrait photographs, on (subscription required).
Gilbert Brower (1801-1847) and Deborah T. Morris' other children are, Charles K. Brower, born 3 December 1826 according to that Bible record, although is birth date is given as August 1825 on the 1905 New Jersey State census. Charles appears to have been married twice. In a  deed dated 18 January 1855 (Monmouth Co. Deeds H6:594) Charles Brower and Mary his wife of Ocean Twp. convey property to Joseph King. The deed mentions that the property was purchased by the guardians of Gilbert Henry Brower, Jacob Brower and William W. Brower, by Deborah T. Brower and Samuel G. Morris. Also see Monmouth Co. Deeds V5:520, where Deborah T. Brower and Samuel G. Morris, acting as guardians of the above named, sell this property to Charles Brower of Monmouth County in 1849. I have been unable to locate Charles and Mary on either the 1850 or 1860 U. S. census records in Monmouth County. On 24 June 1865, Charles K. Brower married Sarah Jane Booth at Jersey City, Hudson Co., New Jersey. The couple, usually found as Charles K. and Jane Brower, can be found on U. S. and New Jersey State census records and City Directories, in Jersey City in 1870, 1873, 1880, 1885, 1890, 1895, 1896, 1900, 1902 and lastly in 1905. Charles' occupation is consistently given as plasterer or mason. They appear to have had one daughter, most often called Ella, but also Ellen or Elizabeth. She was born about 1865 and the 1930 U. S. census finds an Ella Brower, age 65, single, head of household, on Concord Street in Jersey City. Ages, as given on the various census records, for both Charles K. and Jane, vary a bit. It seems that Jane was born about 1830, or in the late 1820s, in Virginia. The 1900 census gives her birth as May 1830 in Virginia. Neither death nor burial records have been found for either Charles K or Jane, nor for their daughter Ella.
Gilbert and Deborah's son William W. Brower was born 15 January 1832 as per the Bible record. He was married to Charlotte Emily Thompson (1835-1910) daughter of James Alexander Thompson and Catherine S. Kay, probably in 1851. William is found on the 1850 U. S. census in Brooklyn in the household of his mother and her second husband, Francis Whitmill, while his and Charlotte's son, Gilbert M. Brower was born about 1852. William and Charlotte were separated, probably divorced, by 1867 when she married John Polhemus Lake (11 July 1867 in Brooklyn) who had also been previously married. I find William and Charlotte, with children Gilbert, William, Deborah and Catherine, in Brooklyn in 1860 (U. S. census). William served during the Civil War, and this appears to be the time when the couple separated. Civil War records are pretty consistent in calling him, William W. Brower, giving his occupation as carpenter, and his service in New York's 145th Regt. of Volunteers. I cannot find William in 1870 or 1880, but in 1887 William W. Brower, age 56, born in New Jersey, carpenter, served in NY's 145th, married, last lived at Newark, N. J., is in a U. S. Home for Disabled Veterans in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. His wife is given as Alice, living at New Bedford, Massachusetts. He was admitted 9 September 1887 and discharged 8 September 1888. William W. Brower died 4 February 1896 and is buried at Cypress Hills National Cemetery in Brooklyn. I've found nothing further on his second wife, Alice. The record regarding his stay in Milwaukee states that he and Alice had no children under the age of 16. William and Charlotte's children remained with their mother who continued to live in Brooklyn. Her second husband died in 1897. Charlotte lived until 1910 and is buried at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. Son Gilbert M. Brower (1852-1913) does not appear to have married, although I cannot locate him in 1900 or 1910. Son, William Brower was born about 1854, and although there are numerous records for men named William H. Brower, born about that time, available on, I've yet to find one that convincingly connects to this son. More work needs to be done here. William and Charlotte also had three daughters. Deborah Brower (ca. 1856-1942) married three times and had children by her first two husbands, George H. Scragg and Harry Ambrose LaTour. Her third husband was Ralph E. Price, apparently Ralph Waldo Emerson Price, born in Virginia, who had previously been married to Clara B. Lake, a daughter of John Polhemus Lake (above) and his first wife, Sarah Clayton (died 1864). Catherine Brower, age one on the 1860 census, but no further record has been identified for her. And, Matilda R. Brower, born about 1863, although the 1900 U. S. census says born September 1861, married three times, and had children by her first two husbands, Jacob Bertisch (1858-1891) and Robert N. Blackhall (1831-1909). Her third husband was Charles J. Vaughn. A passenger ship manifest from 1930, calling her Mathilda R. Blackhall, gives her date of birth as 30 Sept. 1865, but I'm skeptical. Later census records tend to understate her age when compared to those from earlier in her life. She was traveling with her daughter Charlotte T. Stimpson who according to the manifest was born 12 Sept. 1681 (consistent with the 1900 U. S. census), implying that Matilda was 16 when she was born. They were returning to New York from Cherbourg, France. Matilda had lived in Englewood Cliffs, Bergen Co., New Jersey, and the obituary of Martha R. Blackhall is in The Record (Hackensack, N.J.) of June 20, 1944. Her reported age places her birth at about 1863, the place stated as Brooklyn.
Gilbert and Deborah's two daughters who reached adulthood were Lydia H. Brower, born 26 February 1828, married first Oscar Woolley (1832-1866), two daughters (Mary E. and Jennie R. Woolley). Her second husband was Abram/Abraham C. Carman, son of Elijah Carman as per their marriage record of 30 October 1869 in Jersey City. Lydia was deceased by 1880 when her second husband is found as a widower on the U. S. census at Jersey City, the other member of the household being his "step-daughter" Jennie R. Smith. Jennie had married Richard H. Smith on 12 October 1871 in Jersey City and was a widow herself on the 1880 census. Mary E. Woolley was married to George Watson, formerly Dixon/Dickson, and had two sons. Apparently George, had been born George Dickson, had been paid by some individual to serve in his place during the Civil War, deserted himself, and took the name of Watson to conceal this. He had also been previously married and had three children by his first wife who was also named Mary. Serepta Ann Brower, born 26 May 1829, also called simply, Ann or Annie, married Lewis C. Worthley (1822-1904) and died 6 April 1893 in Shrewsbury. She is buried at Evergreen Cemetery in Little Silver, New Jersey. Lewis and Serepta Ann had seven children including a son named Gilbert.

The majority of descendants of Cornelius Brewer and Jane Williamson appear to be descended from their son Gilbert Brower (1801-1847) and his wife Deborah T. Morris. Cornelius and Jane's son William, born 27 June 1806, baptized at Freehold-Middletown, 22 September 1807 was deceased, as per the Monmouth County deed involving the heirs of William Williamson, by 20 March 1838. There is no mention of William's heirs in this deed, and since if any had existed they would have been entitled to their father's portion, and therefore would likely have been named, but are not, I would assume that he left no heirs.

No record of baptism or birth is found for Cornelius' son Johnston, or Johnson, Brower/Brewer. The deed calls Johnson an heir of Jane Williamson, so I would assume he is her son based on this in conjunction with his age as reported on the census records from 1850 and 1880 which point to about 1813. However, he is age 54 in 1870 (so b. ca. 1816), and couple this with the fact that there is a gap of seven years between Johnson and his next known older sibling (William) of seven years, suggests that he may perhaps be a son of Cornelius' second wife Lydia Hurley. His given name, Johnson or Johnston, which is clearly a surname, perhaps of an ancestor, is not found in his Brower ancestry. Whether or not that name appears in the ancestry of Jane Williamson or of Lydia Hurley, may help to settle the question. He is usually called Johnson Brower in records, and he married Louisa Allen on 19 November 1836 in Monmouth County. I have not researched Louisa fully, but she is claimed to be a daughter of Jacob Allen and Anne Smith. Johnson and Louisa's son Jacob Allen Brower died 14 December 1856, age 12 years. The couple had two daughters, Sarah J. Brower (1852-1892) who married George B. Coffee (1850-1920), had two sons (Joseph Ellis Coffee and George J. or V. Coffee). Her husband remarried after her death. The second daughter was Teresa Brower, age 7 in 1860 and age 17 in 1870, but no further record identified with her. She is called "Thressa L. Brower" in 1860. Louisa (Allen) Brower died 17 April 1890 in Jersey City, New Jersey. She is found in the New York City Directory of 1884, at 119 East 81st Street, as Louisa Brower, widow of Johnson). She is on the 1885 New Jersey State census at Jersey City, New Jersey in the household of her son-in-law George Coffee and his wife (Louisa's daughter) Sallie Coffee (Sallie/Sally being a common nickname for Sarah). No record of Johnson's death is found, but it is apparent that he died in or by 1884. The 1887 Jersey City Directory also lists Louisa Brower, widow of Johnson). Johnston Brower (with Louisa) is found on the 1880 U. S. census at Neptune, New Jersey, age given as 67, occupation: "keeping boarders." The daughter Teresa is not included there. Perhaps if deeds or a probate record for Johnson can be found there may be a clue as to her whereabouts.

Cornelius Brewer's youngest child appears to be Elizabeth, and although there is variation among them, the ages she is recorded with beginning in 1850 and thereafter, indicate that she was more probably a daughter of Cornelius' second wife, Lydia Hurley. Elizabeth was married to George Jeffrey (Jeffrie, Jeffery) by 1850. They are found in 1850 at Atlantic, N. J. where she is age 30, in 1860 at Shrewsbury where she is also age 30 (so clearly an error here), in 1870 at Shrewsbury, where she is age 52, in 1880 at Shrewsbury where she is age 55 (certainly wrong) and as a widow in 1900 at Shrewsbury, age 80, born April 1820, a boarder in the household of Mary Peterson. There is no record of children for Elizabeth and George Jeffrey. He died 2 February 1891 and his obituary published in the Red Bank Register on February 10, mentions that his wife was Elizabeth Brower, daughter of Cornelius Brower of Long Branch and that "his wife, but no children," survive him. George was a son of Elihu and Catharine Jeffrey. I have been unable to find a record of death or obituary for Elizabeth (Brower) Coffee, and have not found her in 1910.

BGB 674

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Correcting Two Men Named Gilbert Brewer, Both of Monmouth County, New Jersey

The Brouwer Genealogy Database (BGD) last revised in early 2016, includes two men named Gilbert Brewer, both of whom lived in Monmouth County, New Jersey during the first half of the 1800s. The two are currently shown as Gilbert Brewer, born 11 September 1801, son of Cornelius Brewer and Jane Williamson, married to Hannah Voorhees, and Gilbert Brewer, born 1799, died 12 May 1847, parents unknown, and married to Deborah Morris. A deed involving the heirs of William Williamson shows that the two Gilbert Brewers need to be switched. That is to say, Cornelius Brewer's son Gilbert Brewer married Deborah Morris, while the parents of the Gilbert Brewer who married Hannah Voorhees are now unknown.

The deed that helps to clarify the two Gilbert Brewers is found in Monmouth Co., New Jersey Deeds V3:33-35.

This indenture dated 20 March 1838 between Cornelius Brewer David Brewer & Caroline his wife Gilbert Brewer & Deborah his wife Johnston Brewer & Louisa his wife and Elizabeth Brewer all of the Township of Shrewsbury County of Monmouth State of New Jersey party of the first part and Garret W. Wycoff of the same place party of the second consideration of the sum of two hundred and forty dollars lawful money of the United States to them in hand well and paid by the said party of the second part...the equal undivided four fifths of those certain tracts or lots of land and premises situate lying and being in the Township Freehold County and State aforesaid and are numbered lots No. 4 and No. 10 on the map and division of the Real Estate of William Williamson Dec'd made by the Commissioners appointed to divide the same among the heirs of said dec'd under which were set off in said division to the said David Gilbert Johnston and Elizabeth together with William Brewer who is now deceased children and heirs at law of Jane Brewer dec'd late Jane Williamson the wife of said Cornelius Brewer above named Lot No. 4 butted and bounded as follows...

Anyone interested in the full description of the property can access the original document via the link above. I'm not going to transcribe it all out here, the important genealogical information is spelled out in the first portion of the deed (although there is one point of confusion which will need clarifying and will be addressed in a separate post). The deed is signed on page 35 by Cornelius Brower, David Brower, Gilbert Brower, Deborah T. Brower, Johnson Brower, Louisa Brower and Elizabeth Brower (the signatures all use the spelling BROWER while the deed uses the spelling BREWER).

In addition to correcting the placement of the two Gilbert Brewers, further research has yielded additional details and corrections regarding the family of Cornelius Brewer/Brower of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. They will be addressed in a separate post, for now we will just mention that the profile of Cornelius Brewer on the BGD is incomplete. Regarding the two Gilbert Brewers...

Cornelius Brewer and Jane Williamson's son, Gilbert, was born 11 September 1801 (presumably in Monmouth County) and was baptized by the Dutch Reformed Congregation of Freehold and Middletown on 18 November 1802. He married, prior to 8 September 1825 when their first child was born, Deborah T. Morris, who is called Deborah Tabor Morris in a Bible Record of her son Gilbert H. Brower. This couple had nine children (according to the Bible record). Gilbert died 12 May 1847 and is buried in the Old First Methodist Churchyard in West Long Branch, New Jersey (Find-A-Grave memorial #5011237 which includes a photo). His gravestone gives his age as 48, implying that he was born in 1799, but when compared with the Reformed Dutch Church's record of his birth is apparently overstated. Deborah T. (Morris) Brower remarried Francis Whitmill (who also is found as Thomas Whitnell, 1850 US census at Brooklyn, New York) and died 29 October 1857. She is also buried in the Old First Methodist Cemetery. Francis Whitmill lived until 1892 and is buried in Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery.

The Gilbert Brewer, currently shown on the BGD as a son of Cornelius, but is not, died 1 January 1858 and is buried in Adelphia Cemetery, Monmouth Co., New Jersey (Find-A-Grave memorial #11481077, which includes a photo). His date of birth is given as 10 February 1799 by Florence A. Cristoph, The Van Voorhees Family in America: The Seventh and Eighth Generations, Vol. 1. n.p.: Van Vorhees Association, 2003, p. 62. The 1888 Genealogy of the Van Voorhees Family does not include Gilbert Brewer. He married Hannah Voorhees on 20 April 1823 in Monmouth County. This Gilbert Brewer can be found on the 1830, 1840 and 1850 U.S. census in Howell, Monmouth County, New Jersey. The 1850 census gives his place of birth as New York. Gilbert left a will dated 26 November 1857, proved 9 January 1858, which names his wife Hannah, daughter Deborah Jackson wife of Thomas Jackson, grandchildren Hannah Ann and Charles H. Brewer, children of deceased son Hendrick G. Brewer. His son John is to receive the real estate given to his wife Hannah, after her decease (Monmouth Co. Wills G:86). Gilbert and Hannah had six children. In addition to Hendrick, their children Kisia, Aaron and Ellen/Elenor predeceased their father. All are buried in the Adelphia cemetery. Only two children were living at the time of his will, daughter Deborah Jackson and son John G. Brewer who died on 25 December 1858 and is also buried at Adelphia. Deborah, the eldest child, born in 1824, died in 1889 and his buried in the Adelphia Cemetery (the Find-A-Grave memorial incorrectly gives her maiden name as Bowen). Also note that the Adelphia Cemetery is the Bethesda Methodist Episcopal Church Cemetery. The son Hendrick G. Brower/Brewer died 11 June 1857 and is buried in the Adelphia Cemetery. He was married to Catherine Clayton, who according to her obituary in the Monmouth Democrat, July 31, 1913, married secondly, William T. Taylor. Hendrick's daughter Hannah Ann, died in 1860. Son, Charles H. Brower, according to his mother's obituary, was living in Pasadena, California in 1913. He was married twice, has descendants, died in 1938 and is also buried in the Adelphia cemetery (Find-A-Grave memorial #44530694).

Monmouth Democrat, July 31, 1913 (download from
The parents and ancestry of Gilbert Brewer (1799-1858), married Hannah Voorhees, are yet to be determined.

BGB 673

Sunday, January 26, 2020

Monmouth County, New Jersey, Records of Deeds, Grantors Index S-Z

The October 30, 2019 post extracting Browers, Brewers and Brueres from the Grantors Index to Monmouth County, New Jersey deeds ended with the letter R. We pick up here with the letter S which begins at image 177. Same format as the previous posts in this series.

Grantor Index, Given Name S-Z

The letter S beginning at image 177.
  • 1808 Sept 10, Bruere, Sarah, John H. Bruere et al, R:436
  • 1822 March 26, Brewer, Sylvanus (dec'd by adms), Robert Walker, E2:245
  • 1831 Nov 9, Bruere, Sarah (dec'd), Joseph Holmes, Z2:67
  • 1849 May 1, Bruere, Stephen H. ux, William Tilton, K5:75
  • 1851 Sept 1, Bruere, Stephen H. ux, David Barcalow, R5:532
  • 1853 April 11, Bruere, Stephen H. ux, Moses Taylor, Z5:328
Given names beginning with the letter T begin at image 187.
  • 1818 Jan 29, Brewer, Tylee ux et al, George Tyson, A2:439 
The letter U is at image 195 (one page) no Brewers. All but one of the deeds is by a Uriah Bennett.

The letter V is at image 196. No Brewers.

Given names beginning with the letter W begins at image 197.
  • 1727 Oct 27, Brewer, William, William Leeds, G:149
  • 1810 Aug 4, Brown, William, John Brower, T:99
  • 1831 Jan 25, Brower, William et al (dec'd by heirs), Richard S. Burr, X2:144
  • 1832 July 31, Brower, William, Daniel Brower (assignee), B3:253
  • 1833 Aug 14, Brower or Brewer, William, David Jones, E3:76
  • 1833 Sept 23, Brower or Brewer, William ux, Samuel Hulet, E3:184
  • 1837 April 30, Brower, William, James Cook, M3:364
  • 1838 July 30, Brower, William (dec'd by heir), Garret W. Wycoff, V3:33
  • 1839 Jan 11, Brewer, William H., et al, Isaac Van Kirk, V3:491
  • 1849 June 1, Brewer, William H. ux, John Mathews, L5:10
  • 1851 April 3, Brower, William W. (by adm.), Joseph W. King, S5:36
  • 1852 Sept 7, Brower, William W. et al (by gdn.), Charles Brower, V5:520
There are no Brewers, Browers or Brueres in the indexes with given names beginning with the letters X, Y or Z.

As mentioned in the earlier posts of this series, there are many more deeds involving persons named Bennet or Bennett. We will not be conducting this exercise for the Grantees Index which is separate from the Grantors Index, the lette B begins here at image 102 of film #007895633.

Here is the page at FamilySearch for Monmouth County Deed Records. Links to digital images for each of the individual films can be found on this page.

BGB 672

Thursday, January 23, 2020

A Few Pre-1850 Deeds From Seneca County, New York

Here are a few deeds involving persons named BREWER that can be found in the Deed Books of Seneca County, New York. Links will take you to images published on the website. Seneca County was created in 1804 out of Cayuga County. It is within the region of New York State known generally as the Finger Lakes Region and comprises the area between Seneca Lake to the west and Cayuga Lake to the east. Links to various maps of Seneca County can be found on the Seneca Co., NY website. This page has some 1859 maps for the individual towns in Seneca County.

Deeds Y:304. Dated 13 June 1832. Joseph Brewer of Seneca Falls in the County of Seneca and Jemima his wife, to Henry Brewer of Cortland Village in the County of Cortland. For consideration of the sum of five hundred and seventy five dollars, a certain parcel of land situate in the Village of Seneca Falls on the south side of the Seneca Outlet, laid down and described in a certain map of the same made by David H. Vance of Village lot number seven (7) and is bounded on the south by Canal Street, west by lot number eight, east by lot number six and north by the canal and is thirty feet wide on Canal Street and extends of equal width back to the Canal. The east line of said lot number seven (7) is one hundred and fifty feet from the west line of Lock Street as measured on the north line of Canal Street and is parallel with the west line of said Lock Street. Together with all appurtenances, etc... Signed by Joseph Brewer and Jemima Brewer. (See D2:544 below).

Deeds D2:540. Dated 26 February 1836. Joseph Brewer of the Town of Cohocton, Steuben County, New York, to Chauncey Marshall of the Village of Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York. For consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars, a certain parcel of land situate in the Village of Seneca Falls, being the east half part of that certain village lot known as lot number eight (8), bounded on the south by Canal Street, on the east by Village lot number seven (7), on the north by the towing path of the Canal, and on the west by a line drawn through the center of said lot number eight which is parallel with the east line and fifteen feet therefrom. Together with all appurtenances, etc... Signed by Joseph Brewer. Acknowledged by Joseph Brewer on 27 February 1836.

Deeds D2:544. Dated 26 February 1836. Henry Brewer of Courtland Village in the County of Courtland and State of New York, to Chauncey Marshall of the Village of Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York. For consideration of the sum of five hundred and seventy five dollars, a certain parcel of land situate in the Village of Seneca Falls, on the south side of the Seneca River laid down and described on a certain map made by David H. Vance as Village lot number seven (7) and is bounded south by Canal Street, west by lot number eight (8), east by lot number six (6) and south by the canal being thirty feet in width on Canal Street and extends of equal width back to the canal. The east line of said lot number seven is one hundred and fifty feet from the west line of Lock Street measured on the north line of Canal Street and is parallel with the west line of said Lock Street. Together with all appurtenances, etc... Signed by Henry Brewer. Acknowledged by Henry Brewer on 26 February 1836.

Both Joseph Brewer and his son Henry Brewer are descendants of Thomas Brewer of Glastonbury, Hartford County, Connecticut who can be found on the Brewer Families of New England database here. The work here largely follows that what was published in Dorothy Brewer Erikson's, Descendants of Thomas Brewer, Connecticut to Maine, 1682-1996 (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996). Joseph Brewer (1783-1846) apparently came to New York's Finger Lakes Region, eventually settling at Dansville in Livingston County. His son, Henry Brewer (1809-1891) settled at Cortland in Cortland County. Those trying to solve their Brewer brick walls found in the Finger Lakes Region should take a look at the families descended from Thomas Brewer who settled there.

The earliest deed involving a Brewer in Seneca County that I can find is the one that follows.

Deeds A:99. Dated 23 November 1803. Sir William Pultney of the County of Middlesex in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Baronet (by Robert Troup his attorney) to William Brewer of Montgomery County in the State of Maryland. For consideration of the sum of seven hundred dollars a certain parcel of land situate in the Township of Williamson in the County of Cayuga, State of New York, it being three hundred and fifty acres of land lying east of Sodus Bay and bounded on the south by a part of the north boundary line of lot number seventeen as described by John Smith, on the north by a line to be run parallel to said north boundary line and at the distance of forty chains from the same on the west by Sodus Bay and on the east by a line to be run magnetically north and at such a distance east from said bay as to include as near as may be said quantity of three hundred and fifty acres... Signed by Robert Troup, Atty.

This deed is dated 23 November 1803, and as mentioned, Seneca County was not formed until 1804. The deed refers to the land being conveyed as in Williamson, Cayuga County. The Town of Williamson is in present day Wayne County which was created out of parts of Seneca and Ontario Counties in 1823. The town was named for Charles Williamson who was the land agent for Sir William Pultney who, with a couple of minor partners, had purchased 1.2 million acres from Robert Morris in 1792. I doubt that William Brewer, the grantee, ever came to New York. There is a marriage recorded in Montgomery County, Maryland for William Brewer and Mary R. Chriswell dated 5 February 1800. A memorial for Dr. William G. Brewer (1777-1861) of Montgomery County can be found on Find-A-Grave (memorial #69893566). The William Brewer, grantee in this deed, could be this man, or if not, then it's likely the grantee was his father also named William Brewer (1752-1835). A record of the younger William Brewer's birth can be found on in the Maryland Births and Christenings database, taken from FHL film #13279. The Find-A-Grave memorial page mentioned lists a good number of children for the younger William, none of whom seemed to have come to New York. Those interested may want to look for later deeds, perhaps of sales, in the Wayne County, New York deed books.

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Wednesday, January 22, 2020

New Viewing Options For YFull's YTree

Recent revisions to YFull's YTree have included new viewing options for their individual tree pages. The, very much welcomed, new options were initiated earlier this month. The current version of the YTree is v8.00.00.

Using the "Adam Brouwer Branch," presently defined by the SNP E-Y19643, here is the view, the only view, that we have been accustomed to. You'll note that in the yellow bar at the top of the page there are some new options, "scientific view", and "chart view." The original view is called the "classic view" when one of the other two views are displayed.

Scientific View is a timeline, present to the right, past to the left, on which the various sub-branches of a SNP are placed based upon their Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor, or TMRCA. The current tree has only three sub-branches of E-Y19643, but if we roll it back to an ancestral SNP, say E-V13, formed 8100 years before present (ybp) we can get a better look at how this view works. Here is E-V13 in scientific view.

I like the new chart view the best. The "Adam Brouwer Branch" now in chart view. It is a less ambiguous view than the original classic view which had a point of potential confusion as the parent branch (in this case E-Y19643) was shown twice. In classic view, one might get the impression that E-Y19643 was an equal branch to its sub-branches, rather than a parent branch. That potential confusion is eliminated with the new chart view.

The Lanier-Brewer (I-Y15031) sub-group of the Brewer DNA Project has the most participation and the most sub-branches. Here it is viewed on classic view. Now compare that to chart view.

Much better I'd say.

You may also notice now in the charts that many participants have a little beige box with the letter i in it.

The reason for this is that when Family Tree DNA introduced their BigY-700 test, many participants who had previously taken the original BigY, went back and took advantage of an upgrade offer. That new set of data was then submitted to YFull for their analysis. YFull then issued new id numbers to these new data sets. The id number now seen on the classic view chart is the new id number. Hover your cursor over the little box with the i and you will see the original id number for that participant.

Current members of the Brewer DNA Project who have not upgraded to the BigY-700 test are encouraged to do so. New members are always welcome, especially those who already can show a provable line of ancestry back to a colonial period ancestor. The more participants and the more data the Project has, the better the chances are that the Project can help those who are still working at determining their complete ancestry back to the colonial period. Those interested should contact the administrators of the Brewer DNA Project via links available on the left side of the Project's website.

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Tuesday, January 21, 2020

The Will of Philip Cortland Brewer of Ulysses, Tompkins County, New York

Philip Van Cortlandt Brouwer, born 7 March 1808, died 14 April 1876, a 3-great grandson of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, Long Island, can be found here on the Brouwer Genealogy Database. We can update his profile with the addition of his will and a bit more on his descendants.

Philip was a son of Nazareth Brouwer (1756-1817) and his third wife, Deborah Wiltsie (b. 1776) who were married 26 March 1802. Philip was baptized at the New Hackensack (Dutchess County, New York) Reformed Dutch Church on 27 March 1808, the entry in the register includes his date of birth. No witnesses are recorded [Tower, Maria Bockee Carpenter. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of New Hackensack, Dutchess County, New York. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc., 2000 (org.1932):71]. He married Sarah Lawless on 25 October 1828 at Poughkeepsie, New York where is name is given as Philip C. Brewer. This is the name he is primarily recorded by in subsequent records.

The will of Philip Cortland Brewer of the Town of Ulysses, County of Tompkins, State of New York can be found in Tompkins County Wills, vol. N, p. 483, available online here at The probate record begins on p. 481 where the proof is found. The will was proved 26 June 1876 by Henry Brewer of Enfield, Tompkins County and by Edgar Brewer, also of Enfield. Henry was Philip's brother. Edgar was a son of Henry. Philip's date of death, 13 April 1876, is recorded on this page. Philips, gravestone gives the date as 14 April 1876. He was buried in Grove Cemetery in Trumansburg, New York (Trumansburg being a village in the town of Ulysses). There is a Find-A-Grave page for Philip C. Brewer, but it does not include a photo of his gravestone.

In his will, Philip instructs his executrix to pay all just debts and funeral expenses. He leaves to his wife, Sarah Brewer, the interest on all real and personal property so long as she remains his widow for her use and support. He gives his executrix full power to sell and convey his real estate, but in he event that his wife should no longer be his widow (i.e. should she remarry or die) then two-thirds of all property is to be divided equally among his five children named: George I. Brewer, Sarah Jane Brewer, Rebecca wife of Samuel Manning, Susan Brewer and William H. Brewer, or their heirs. He appoints his wife, Sarah Brewer, executrix. The will is dated 25 March 1859, he signs as Philip Cortland Brewer, and is witnessed by the above mentioned Henry Brewer and Edgar Brewer, both of Enfield.

Administration on the estate of Philip C. Brewer was granted to Susan (Brewer) Farrington, "one of the Residuary Legatees," on 16 April 1886 (Tompkins Co. LOA 41:578 1/2). Philip's wife, Sarah (Lawless) Brewer had died in late March 1886, and letters of Testamentary were granted to Susan Farrington on 5 April 1886. (Tompkins Co. Executor Records 5:112 and 113).

The will of Sarah Brewer, widow, is found in Tompkins Co. Wills S:423. Sarah is of Trumansburg. She leaves bed, bedding, table spoons and tea spoons to her daughter Sarah J. Hall. To Carrie Brewer, daughter of William H. Brewer, bed and bedding. To Cortie Brewer, daughter of George I. Brewer, bed and bedding. Rest and residue to daughter Susan Brewer who is appointed executrix. The will is dated 4 April 1876. Sarah signed with her mark X, witnessed by D. S. Biggs and J. D. Smith. Proof is found on the proceeding page, 5 April 1886. Her date of death is stated as "on or about" 3 February 1886.

Final Settlement of the estate of Philip C. Brewer, by Susan Farrington, administratrix, is found in Final Settlements 13:376-377, dated 8 July 1887. The surviving heirs with their places of residence are recorded with the date 30 August 1887. Listed here are Mrs. Sarah J. Hall of Santa Clara, California; George I. Brewer of New York City; Rebecca Manning of Trumansburg; and William H. Brewer of Ithaca.

With the wills and records of the settlement of the estates of both Philip C. Brewer and his widow, Sarah Brewer, we can update the profile of Philip Van Courtland Brouwer as found on the BGD, which was last updated in April 2016, by adding children Sarah Jane Brewer and George I. Brewer, and the additions of spouses for daughters Rebecca and Susan. We will follow up with more details on the children and descendants in a separate post.

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