Sunset at Gowanus Bay

Sunset at Gowanus Bay
Sunset at Gowanus Bay, Henry Gritten, 1851

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

A Brewer DNA Project Haplotree

The Brewer DNA Project is now in its fifteenth year of existence. As of this writing there are 340 members of the project distributed across twenty-one subgroups, many of which are defined by a known progenitor or Earliest Common Ancestor (EKA). Other subgroups have yet to be labeled in such a way and a bit more research is required before an EKA can be identified (you'll find these subgroups listed as "Under Consideration A," etc.). In addition there is a large contingent of "Ungrouped" members who presently do not match up with any of the other Brewers (Browers, Bruers, etc.) in the project. A fair number of members have taken advanced Y-DNA tests in the form of Family Tree DNA's BigY-500 test. A majority of these members have also submitted their test results to the company YFull, for further analysis and for placement on their growing YTree. Others have taken single SNP tests to determine with certainty whether or not they can be identified by a particular SNP. However, a majority of the members still are only identified by a "predicted" haplogroup, which means that no direct testing of SNPs has been conducted for these members. Their haplogroup is predicted based on STR marker matches with others whose haplogroups have been determined by testing. With fifteen years worth of data now on hand, I thought I'd just have a little fun with the identified SNPs found in the project by using my genealogy software program (TMG) to create a haplotree of the Brewer DNA Project's confirmed terminal SNPs, or haplogroups. Here is the Brewer DNA Haplotree online as a PDF.

A little bit about what you're looking at in the haplotree. The terminal SNPs (which define the haplogroups) are determined by SNP testing by Family Tree DNA (FTDNA). As mentioned, many of the test results were then uploaded to YFull for that company's analysis, and in some cases the terminal SNP identified by YFull differs from that identified by FTDNA. Many positions on the larger YTree are defined by numerous terminal SNPs, and YFull lists these additional SNPs on their YTree. FTDNA does have its own public hapltotree which it launched back in September of 2018 (see the post of September 29, 2018). However, it provides less information than the tree published by YFull, and does not include analysis of tests conducted by other companies, where as YFull does. FTDNA's tree doesn't offer any time frames or references, whereas YFull gives estimated times for when a haplogroup was formed, and for a "Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor" (TMRCA) for those found at a particular position. YFull's times are given as "Years Before Present" (ybp). They are estimates, and as such are certainly subject to change as more individuals are tested and analyzed. For know they do provide us with a way to see just how all the members of the Brewer DNA Project might be related to their fellow members through their direct paternal lines.

A few other points that should be mentioned. On the right hand column of this page you will find, under "Brewer DNA Project," links to positions on YFull's YTree for a few subgroups of the Brewer DNA Project. Click on one of these links, go to the YTree page where that particular subgroup is found, and you'll find at the top a line, or bar, of SNPs leading from right to left, backwards in time, to the earliest SNP (labeled A0-T). The chart I created does not include all of the SNPs that you see on this bar. I would have liked to have but to do so would have created a chart that would not fit on standard letter sized paper, which is what I primarily wanted. You can download the PDF and print it should you wish to do so. That would not have worked if I included all the intermediate SNPs. My interest here was to get each group's terminal SNP to fit on the page, and to include the node or branching points common to our various subgroups. I had to eliminate many intermediate SNPs (those between the terminal SNP and A0-T) to make this work. I tried to keep the more important ones, so to speak, but someone else creating such a chart may well choose others.
Secondly, I did include most of those found in the Ungrouped section on the Project's colorized chart page, however, I did not include those whose name is something other than Brewer (etc.) were not included. Additionally, there were one or two project member's whose terminal SNPs as identified by FTDNA, are not found on YFull's YTree (there is a search tool in the top right corner of each page of the YTree). I was therefore unable to include them.
Finally, I have also not included Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) which you can find on the YFull YTree. The reason for this was simply that it would cluttered the chart and increased its size which would have forced me to eliminate a few intermediate branches that I wanted to include. TMRCA, none the less, is still important. You do want to know the time to a most recent common for those found within a haplogroup. It comes into play, in particular, with haplogroup I, mentioned below.

You can see from the haplotree and from the Brewer DNA Project's chart of Y-DNA test results, that all of the members of the project fall with one of four larger haplogroups, R, I, J, or E. Those interested in learning more about the formation and place origins of these haplogroups may wish to look them up online, perhaps starting with their respective Wikipedia pages. Here's the page for R, for an example. There are also pages on Wikipedia for many of the more recent haplogroups. Here is the entry for R-M269, which is found on the page for R1b (R-M343). The Wikipedia pages also include many references and links to research and papers on the various haplogroups. This in itself should be of interest to those who'd like to explore their "deep ancestry" further.

Relative to each other, which is what I was curious about, haplogroup E is more distantly related to R, I or J, with R being more distant to I and J than these two are to each other. The common node, or branch for all four haplogroups is found at the haplogroup called CT, which by YFull's estimates was formed 88,000 years before present (ybp). This would have been during the Middle Paleolithic, a subdivision of the Paleolithic (old stone age) period and before, what was previously widely believed, to have been the time when humans first migrated out of Africa. However, some recent findings are now questioning this belief, it appears that groups of humans first migrated from the African continent at a much earlier date. Within the Brewer DNA Project, all members, with the exception of one, who are within haplogroup E, are descendants of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, Long Island. The sole member of member of the project who is in haplogroup E, but is not a descendant of Adam Brouwer, has been confirmed by testing as E-M96, which is the identifying SNP for haplogroup E as a whole. In other words, although he has a positive test for E-M96, those results are pretty broad. We know that he cannot be a descendant of Adam Brouwer from the results of his STR marker test, which does not match up well with the STR marker results from our known Adam Brouwer descendants. E, or E-M96, is estimated to have formed 65,200 ybp, still within the Middle Paleolithic, and most certainly in Africa.

65,900 years before present, haplogroup F (F-M89) is formed (possibly in South Asia) and (with a series of intermediate haplogroups between) haplogroup IJK was formed about 48,500 ybp. This page of YFull's YTree may be helpful for visualizing the relationship between the earlier haplogroups that I was not able to include on the chart. Haplogroup K is formed about 47,200 ybp, and a descendant of K, haplogroup R is formed about 30,700 ybp. Now we're in the Upper Paleolithic, or "Late Stone Age." Haplogroup R is thought to have arisen in Central or South Asia, or perhaps Siberia. 22,800 ypb we have the formation of two major (sub)haplogroups of R, namely R1a and R1b. The Brewer DNA Project has members descended from both of these haplogroups. Three of the projects subgoups, namely "John Brewer of Sudbury, MA," "Ambrose Brewer" and "Hubert Brower," as well as "Samuel Brewer of Kentucky" and "Under Consideration F," are descended from R1b. Overall the Project probably has more members who are of haplogroup R than any other haplogroup, which is also believed to be the most common haplogroup among present day European males. Many of the Project's members in R are "unplaced."The common ancestors for these subgroups (and those who are unplaced) however, was formed variously between 4500 and 13,300 years before present. So, while many of the living Brewers and Browers of these subgroups may be living today, in the United States, and perhaps in some cases within the same states, counties, maybe even towns, their common paternal ancestors can only be found way back before the period of recorded history. So much for the idea that just because two Brewers are found living at the same time, in the same county or town, "they must be related," which is something I've heard over the course of these past years from numerous individuals. They may not be related. In addition, the Project has one subgroup, "Under Consideration B" which is predicted as R-M512, and descended from R1a. Here you will have to go back to R1, formed 28,200 ybp to find a common ancestor with those in R1b.

The haplogroup IJ formed 47,200 ybp, and the descendant haplogroups I and J each formed about 42,900 ypb. This would also be during the Upper Paleolithic. Haplogroup I (I-M170) is thought to have originated in the Caucasus, Europe or Southwest Asia (the Middle East). It is the second most common haplogroup among present day European males, behind haplogroup R (above). The origins of haplogroup J (J-M304) are thought to be in "Western Asia," which is essentially synonymous with "Southwestern Asia." The "Arthur Brewer" subgroup, "Under Consideration J," and a few unplaced members are in haplogroup J. Haplogroup I includes the larger "Jan Brouwer of Flatlands" and "Lanier-Brewer" subgroups, as well as a few other subgroups with fewer members. The "Jan Brouwer" subgroup descends from I2 (I-M438) while "Lanier-Brewer" descends from I1 (I-M253), both of which formed some 27,500 years before present. If you look at the placement of these two haplogroups (I1 and I2) on YFull's YTree, you'll see that while the Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) for I2 is 21,800 ypb, the TMRCA for I1 is only 4600 ybp. Haplogroup I1 is thought to have arisen in Northern Europe, while I2 may have arisen in Eastern Europe, the Eastern Mediterranean or Balkans. I1 is a much more recent haplogroup than I2. The Brewer DNA Project has other subgroups in the I haplogroup and I'll simply refer you to the chart to see where they fall.

A final caveat. Over the years since the advent of Y-DNA testing and the application of test results to the attempt to unravel the human tree in terms of male genomics the picture of the Y-DNA tree has changed considerably. I would expect to see this continue into the future and I would expect the same to apply with regards to the results, and this tree, for the Brewer DNA Project. So, in due time, maybe even in short order, the tree I present here will become obsolete. Keep that in mind. Enjoy, and have some fun exploring your "deep ancestry."

BGB 630

Saturday, January 19, 2019

Updating The "Lanier-Brewer" Subgroup of The Brewer DNA Project

With 87 members, the "Lanier-Brewer" subgroup of the Brewer DNA Project continues to be the largest subgroup of members within the Brewer DNA Project. Many members of the subgroup have taken the advanced BigY-500 test and presently the group is identified by the terminal SNP (haplogroup) I-Y15031. Within the subgroup, the BigY-500 test has found further SNPs common to only some members of the larger subgroup but not to others. This has allowed for a further sub-dividing of the subgroup. Hank Graham, Administrator of the Brewer DNA Project, has recently brought this to the attention of the members of the Project with a post to the Project's Activity Feed.

The following is based on Hank's post:

The Lanier-Brewer subgroup of the Project is the largest subgroup with 87 YDNA participants and 40 BigY-500 or terminal SNP tested men. Based on YDNA testing and paper trail research it has become apparent that only some of the members of this subgroup descend from George Brewer and one of his two wives and only some members have critically evaluated paper trail proof of that descent. All 87 members descend from an Unnamed Brewer Founder, several of whose descendants came to Colonial America and typically could be found in Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina. We call the entire subgroup the Lanier-Brewer subgroup which is not really an appropriate name for this more complex Colonial America Southern Family. We are open to considering a more appropriate name and want to encourage efforts to identify the Unnamed Brewer Founder and more recent Common Ancestors between family units within this Colonial America Southern Family. 

In order to assist Lanier-Brewer subgroup Members identify more recent common ancestors and other closely related Brewer Project members, we are going to subdivide this one subgroup into seven assigned groups and one Unassigned group based on results from the BigY-500 test, terminal SNP tests, and the multiple matching STR variants from the approximately 1000 STR markers analyzed by FTDNA and YFull. Currently the seven assigned groups will represent about half of the men and the Unassigned group the half not tested by the BigY-500 or terminal SNP tests. These eight groups will appear on the colorized YDNA result chart in the same relative position they were and all will have the light blue color divider of the Lanier-Brewer Group. When a Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) for a subgroup is determined that will appear in the label of the group.  

It is important to recognize that only some members of the larger "Lanier-Brewer" subgroup actually are descendants of George Brewer and one of his two wives. The majority of members will descend from other related Colonial American Brewer Family subgroups, all descending from one Unnamed Brewer Founder. Results for this large group are displayed in a manner to help our members recognize the multiple Related Brewer men who came to Colonial America at various times during the pre-Revolutionary War period and allow for future placement of all Unassigned men. Modifications to the Lanier-Brewer subgroup YDNA Colorized Chart and Classic Chart emphasizing terminal SNP results and BIGY-500 & YFull matching STR variants is available on the Brewer Project Public Page. This change will cause some color changes within each new group in the YDNA Colorized Chart because the STR variation will be determined within each terminal SNP identified Family Unit and not based on the entire Lanier-Brewer Group of 87 members. 

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The takeaway from the above is that the continued evaluation of Y-DNA test results has lead to the belief that George Brewer of Brunswick Co., Virginia is himself, not the ancestor of all members currently found grouped in the "Lanier-Brewer" subgroup of the Brewer DNA Project. It is conceivable that the common ancestor for those in the subgroup is perhaps the father or grandfather (or even a more distant paternal line ancestor) of George Brewer. This may also imply that George Brewer had a brother, or brothers who also came to the American Colonies. In light of this development, the "Lanier-Brewer" group has been reorganized by the creation of seven new sub-subgroups labeled A through G, and a further sub-subgroup (Unassigned) of those who have not been assigned to one the new sub-subgroups. Those found in the Unassigned sub-subgroup would need to take the BigY-500 test in order to be placed somewhere among the other seven sub-subgroups. To further clarify - while some of those now found in sub-subgroups A-G are descendants of George Brewer, it appears that not all of the sub-subgroups A-G can be, but instead some may be descendants of a brother or cousin of George Brewer. 

Those interested in further testing are encouraged to contact the Administrators of the Brewer DNA Project with any questions.

BGB 629

Thursday, January 10, 2019

More Brower Deeds in Fulton County, New York

More Browers found in the land record books of Fulton County, New York. Quick links to the indexes can be found on this page of this website, and the post of October 30, 2018. Also see the post of November 13, 2018. Arranged chronologically. Some deeds with dates prior to 1838 are duplicated from the deed books of Montgomery County. Fulton County was created out of Montgomery County in 1838. There are a lot of deeds here and they only include those deeds found in the Grantor's index for Fulton County. An examination of the Grantee's index will have to be saved for a future post.

20 March 1819. Fulton Co. Deeds 4:494. Abraham Brower and Phylotha his wife, of the County of Montgomery, to Hammond Healy, for consideration of $700, a parcel of land in Magin's Patent in the Town of Oppenheim, part of Range number fifty-two...containing fifty acres. [Note: This deed was also recorded in Montgomery County (16:336) and is found on the post of November 13, 2018, where it was mistakenly placed with those deeds found only in Montgomery County. It is recorded in both Montgomery and Fulton Counties].

10 September 1819. Fulton Co. Deeds 4:514. William Brower and Asenith his wife, of the Town of Amsterdam, to James McKinley of the same place. For $600, a parcel of land in the town of Amsterdam being part of lot number 74 in the Sacandaga Patent. The boundary description includes mention of the land of Peter Robs. William Brower signs with his mark.

25 August 1821. Fulton Co. Deeds 5:492. John Brower and Phebe his wife, and John Brower, Junior and Elizabeth his wife, and Abraham G. Brower, all of the Town of Johnstown, Montgomery County, to John Holland of the same place, for $268, a parcel of land in the Town of Johnstown. [Also in Montgomery County (19:309) and in the post of November 13, 2018]. Also see the deed on page 493 of volume 5 involving John Holland and Agnes McKinley.

15 February 1840. Fulton Co. Deeds 1:447. John J. Brower and Dolly his wife of the Town of Mohawk, to Abraham Nivin of the same place. For $800, a parcel of 20 acres of land in Johnstown, bounded west by lands of Frederich Dockstader and Abraham Nivin, north by John V. Putman, east by Henry Wert and Benjamin Tenney and south by Peter Quilhut(?). Recorded 17 February 1840.

4 June 1843. Futon Co. Deeds 5:6. Cornelius Brower of the Town of Stratford, Fulton County, to Louisa Rogers of the same place. For the sum of five dollars...forever quit claim...ten acres of land in Stratford, beginning at the southwest corner of land deeded by Bradley Bennet to Harriet Bennett...land owned by Thomas Bennett... Recorded April 1744.

27 July 1853. Fulton Co. Deeds 17:403. Polly Brower of the Town of Stratford to Cornelius D. Brower of the same place. For $110, a parcel of land in Stratford, part of lot number thirty-nine in Lott and Lowes patent. The plot conveyed is one equal undivided sixth part of sixty-six acres off from the west and of the north half of the said lot, bounded on the north by the south by the line of lot number forty in Lott and Lowes Patent, on the south by the subdivision line between the north and south halves of said lot thirty-nine, on the west by the East Canada creek, and on the east by the line between 39 & 40 and the line between the north and south halves of said lot and far enough east so as to have sixty-six acres between that and the East Canada Creek. Recorded 2 August 1853.

27 July 1853. Fulton Co. Deeds 17:405. Cornelius D. Brower of the Town of Stratford to Audrey Carroll of the same place. For $1600, a piece of land in the Town of Stratford being the west end of the north half of lot number thirty-nine in the Lott and Lowes Patent, bounded on the north by the south line of lot number forty, on the east by the lands owned by Bradley Bennett, on the south by lands owned by Cornelius Brower and Jacob Dingman and on the west by the East Canada Creek, containing one hundred and thirty-eight acres. Recorded 5 August 1853.

5 March 1855. Fulton Co. Deeds 20:56. Jacob Brower and Phebe Brower his wife of Mayfield to Abraham Brower of the same place. For $100, a parcel of land in Mayfield known as being part of lot number two of the subdivision of great lot number thirteen in Glen Bleeker and Lansings Patent. Twenty acres to be taken from the north end of that part of said lot number two that was deeded to the said Jacob Brower by Edward Ellice on the first day of June 1849... Recorded 16 March 1855.

9 August 1855. Fulton Co. Deeds 20:347-48. Starts at the bottom of page 347. John Brower of the City of Utica, Oneida County has constituted and hereby appoints Grove Penny of the same place as "my true and lawful agent and attorney, for me and in my name, place and stead..." Recorded 10 August 1855.

10 August 1855. Fulton Co. Deeds 20:348. John Brower by his agent and attorney Grove Penny of Utica, Oneida County to Catharine Kibbie of Johnstown, Fulton County. For $175, a parcel of land in the Town of Johnstown, bounded on the east, south and west by lands of A(?) Kibbie from Catharine Kibbie, on the north by the road leading from Johnstown to Tribes Hill being two chains wide and five chains long containing one acre of land. Recorded 10 August 1855.

17 September 1860. Fulton Co. Deeds 27:457. Abraham Brower and Louisa his wife of Mayfield, to David Stewart of the same place. For $450, a parcel of land in the Town of Mayfield within the bounds of lands known as the Bleeks Lansings Patch...being lot number ten of the subdivision of Great Lot number eleven...containing one hundred acres of land more or less. Also one other piece of land situate in Mayfield being part of lot number two of the subdivision of Great Lot number Thirteen in the Glen Bleeks and Lansings Patent, twenty acres to be taken...as purchased by Jacob Brower of Edward Ellice on the first day of June 1849 (see the deed of 5 March 1855 above). Abraham and Louisa Brower sign with their marks in the presence of David Getman. Recorded 9 October 1861.

14 July 1862. Fulton Co. Deeds 28:523. David Brower and Betsey his wife and Jennett Brower, wife of Nathaniel Brower, to Sophronia M. Brower. For $1000, a piece of land in the Village of Gloversville, bounded commencing at the North West corner of a lot owned by Abram D. Brower or formerly owned by him on the east side of School Street running east to a lot owned by Oliver Collins, then northerly and westerly to the aforesaid School Street then southerly to the place of beginning. This the same lot conveyed by Nathaniel Brower to David Brower on 27 January 1858, recorded in Fulton County Deeds Book no. 23, page 408, on 28 January 1858. Recorded 23 January 1863.

22 February 1864. Fulton Co. Deeds 29:577. Abraham Brower and Louisa his wife of Mayfield, to Jacob Brower and Phebe Brower his wife of the same place. For $500, a parcel of land in the Town of Mayfield bounded on the north by the land of Alexander McClara, on the east by the land of William Witting, on the south by the lands of Mr. Esheler and on the west by the road running from Jackson's Saw Mill to Bennett Towmans containing sixty acres of land. Recorded 5 March 1864.

22 February 1864. Fulton Co. Deeds 29:577. Jacob Brower and Phebe Brower his wife of Mayfield to Abraham Brower of the same place. For $700, a parcel of land in the Town of Mayfield, bounded on the north by the lands of Alexander McClara, on the east by the lands of William Witting, on the south by the lands of Mr. Eshler, on the west by the road running from Isaac Jacksons saw mill to Bennett Towmans containing sixty acres of land being land bought by me of William Witting as agent of Mr. Ellis... Recorded 5 March 1864.

1 February 1865. Fulton Co. Deeds 31:91. Alonzo Brower and Emily his wife of the Town of Johnstown, to Thomas S. Easterly of the same place. For $1300, a parcel of land in the village of Gloversville known as part of Lot No. 117 in the eastern allotment of Kingsboro Patent and bounded as follows beginning on the west side of Bleeker Street at the north east corner of the Parsonage lot of the M. E. Church...containing about one fourth of an acre, subject nevertheless to a mortgage given by Alonzo Brower and Emily his wife to Austin Hassan for $700, dated March 18, 1861. Recorded 14 February 1865.

14 April 1865. Fulton Co. Deeds 31:284A. D. Brower and Sophronia his wife of the Town of Johnstown, to Kate Fries of Warnerville, Schoharie County. For $1750, a piece of land in the village of Gloversville bounded as follows, commencing at the north west corner of a lot owned by Abraham D. Brower or formerly owned by him on the east side of School Street, running east to a lot owned by Oliver C. Collins, northerly and westerly to the aforesaid School Street, southerly to the beginning, more or less the same lot conveyed by David Brower and others to Sophronia M. Brower, July 14, 1862 and recorded in the Clerks Office of Fulton County in Book No. 28, page 523 on 23 January 1863 at 2 3/4 o'clock. Signed A. D. Brower and Sophronia M. Brower. Recorded 14 April 1865.

26 August 1865. Fulton Co. Deeds 35:315. Jacob Brower and Paulina Brower his wife of Mayfield, to Seth Hathaway and Ruth M. Shaw of the same place. For "one dollar and an exchange of property," a parcel of land in Mayfield bounded, beginning at the center of the highway heading from Mayfield & Vail Mills Plank road to Anthony's shop on the boundary line between the lands of said parties...Recorded 25 July 1867.

22 September 1865. Fulton Co. Deeds 32:157. Jeremiah Brower and Keziah Brower his wife, Henry C. Brower (and) Ruthelia A. Brower his wife, Joseph Brower and Rebecca Brower his wife, of the Town of Northampton, Fulton County, to Mary J. Gifford of Northampton. For the consideration of nine hundred and fifty dollars, a parcel of land in Northampton. The adjoining lands of James Patten, John Gorton and the heirs of Abraham Denton are mentioned, as is the highway from Osborn Bridge to the Fish House. Recorded 17 November 1865.

5 March 1866. Fulton Co. Deeds 32:471. Abraham Brower and Louiza Brower his wife of Mayfield, to Andres Andregg of the same place. For $1000, a parcel of land in Mayfield being a part of lot No. 111 in the Mayfield Patent. Bounded...containing 70 acres of land more or less. Recorded 6 March 1866.

17 December 1866. Fulton Co. Deeds 33:587. Frederick D. Brower and Lucy C. Brower his wife of the Town of Johnstown, to G. W. Green of Johnstown. For $700, a parcel of land in the town aforesaid being a part of what is known as the Gillett farm near the village of Kingsboro, being on the north side of the highway from the said Green's west to the Gloversville and Bleeker Plank road... Recorded 19 December 1866.

7 March 1868. Fulton Co. Deeds 36:137. William H. Brower of Gloversville, for consideration of the sum of one dollar paid by John A. Alexander of Johnstown, a parcel of land in the village of Gloversville...being the same lot and premised conveyed to said William H. Brower by Zina Case and Anna Maria Case by deed dated 27 April 1864 (Fulton Co. Deeds 30:154) being the same on which William H. Brower now resides. Recorded 7 March 1868.

14 March 1868. Fulton Co. Deeds 41:574. Abraham Brower and Louiza his wife of Mayfield, to John Eshler of the same place. "In consideration of the sum of Forty..." a parcel of land in Mayfield, part of the Glen Bleeker & Lansing Patent, bounded beginning at the north corner of great lot number fifteen of said patent... Both Abraham and Louiza sign with their marks. Recorded 26 August 1872.

29 March 1868. Fulton Co. Deeds 40:374. Nancy Ann Brower of the City and County of Albany to E. Jane Houghton of the Town of Stafford, Fulton County. For $700, a parcel of land in the Town of Stafford being a part of lot number thirty-nine in Lott and Lowes Patent being the south west part of the north half of said lot containing ten acres of land being the same ten acres of land which Cornelius Brower resided at the time of his death. Also fifty acres on the north part of the south half of said lot number 39 and bounded westerly by lands formerly owned by Peter Dingman...the said fifty acres being conveyed by Cornelius Brower to his daughter Louisa Rogers, and also eleven acres of land being part of sixty six acres willed by Thomas Bunnell to his daughter Polly Brower wife of said Cornelius Brower... Recorded 28 November 1870.

4 April 1870. Fulton Co. Deeds 39:107. John C. Brower and Catharine his wife of the Town of Ephralah (sic) to Nicholas Snell of the same place. For $2300, a parcel of land in the Town of Ephratah, bounded northerly by the highway, easterly by Willard Snell, southerly by Andrew Getman deceased and westerly by Thomas Edwards and Wade Tannery, containing six acres of land more or less. Recorded 6 April 1870.

28 September 1870. Fulton Co. Deeds 42:451. Alan Peck and Gitty Ann Peck his wife and Catharine A. Chase and John F. Chase her husband, Almyra Harris and John Harris her husband, Adaline Brower, David Blair, all of the Town of Broadalbin, to John L. Daggert of the Town of Amsterdam, Montgomery County. For $170...bargained, sold, remised and quit claimed...and assigns forever all right of dower and interest to all that certain lot of land situate in the town of Broadalbin...bounded on the south by land formerly owned by George Targee and now owned by John Sawyer, on the west by lands of Orin Fuller, on the north by lands of Shubal Tygert, on the west by lands of James Lasher and Leah Fuller, being the premises purchased by Sally Peck of George Mills by deed dated 6 April 1853 (Fulton Co. Deeds 20:185). Containing about 25 acres of land. Recorded 3 April 1872.

6 July 1871. Fulton Co. Deeds 41:155Abraham Brower and Louiza his wife of Mayfield, to Hiram McClary of the same place. $2000, for land situate in the Town of Mayfield, a part of the subdivision of lot no. 3 in great lot no. 13 of the Glen Bleeker and Lansing Patent. Previously occupied by Christopher Hall. Both Abraham and Louiza sign with their marks. Recorded 13 October 1871.

21 May 1873. Fulton Co. Deeds 45:220. Robert Kelly and Helen J. Kelly his wife, Marion Shephard wife of Peter Shephard, Catharine Slater wife of George Slater, Gertrude Kelly, Fidelia Kelly, Jennet Brower wife of Nathaniel Brower, Andrew Kelly and Charles Kelly, of the first part, to Frederick Myers of Johnstown of the second part. For $900, a parcel of land in the village of Johnstown which was conveyed to Robert Kelly by deed from Samuel Maxwell and wife dated March 31, 1855 recorded in the Fulton County Clerks Office (book and page not stated). Bounds mentions the lands of Clinton Sheet (south), Marcellus Gilbert (north), a lot connected to Nathan Scott (west), a lot formerly owned by Charles Bell (east). Emma Brower and Nellie Barnum were witness to Jennet K. Brower's signature. Page 221 contains the acknowledgements. Jennet Brower's acknowledgement is from the Clerk's Office of Shiawassee County, Michigan. Recorded 5 May 1874 (p. 222). Another deed involving Kellys follows on page 222.

29 May 1873. Fulton Co. Deeds 43:325. Jacob Brower & Paulina Brower of Mayfield, to Mary Ann Berry of the same place. For $550, a parcel of land in the Town of Mayfield being a part of lot no. 38 in Mayfield Patent, bounded beginning at the center of the highway at the south west corner of the saw mill... containing three acres more or less. Recorded 13 June 1873.

21 October 1873. Fulton Co. Deeds 43:470. William Brower and Catharine his wife of the Town of Johnstown, to Norman B. Dodge of the same place. For $300, a parcel of land in Johnstown being a part of lot number thirty three of the Mayfield Patent, bounded and described as follows...containing twenty acres of land more or less. William Brower signs with his mark. Recorded 22 October 1873.

19 November 1873. Fulton Co. Deeds 50:68. Jacob Brower and Paulina his wife of Mayfield, to John Hollett of the same place. For $650, a parcel of land in the Town of Mayfield being a part of lot no. 248 in the eastern allotment of Kingsboro Patent, bounded beginning at the center of the highway near the school house...containing two thirds of an acre of land. Recorded 29 April 1876.

28 December 1873. Fulton Co. Deeds 45:483. A. D. Brower and Sophronia his wife of Johnstown, to the Corporation known as Gloversville and Kingsboro Street Railroad Corporation. For the sum of one dollar, "all my right title and interest in and to the following described street known as Main Street in the Village of Gloversville..." It appears that the Browers are granting and easement for the company to build a road to be used as a public highway. Recorded 25 February 1874.

18 June 1875. Fulton Co. Deeds 47:376. Jacob Brower of the Town of Mayfield and Paulina his wife of the same place, to the Corporation known as the Gloversville and Northville Railroad Company. For $110, a parcel of land in the Town of Mayfield, bounded and described as follows...a strip of land three rods in width... Recorded 14 July 1875.

1 January 1876. Fulton Co. Deeds 48:584. Jacob Brower and Paulina his wife of Mayfield, to Charles C. Peterson of the same place. For $50, a piece of land in Mayfield, being a part of lot number twenty nine in the Sacandaga Patent, bounded by lands of William Fosmire (north), land formerly of Richard Van Allen (north and east), land of Beroth Close (south and east), land of the Widow of Jacob Blecker (west). Containing six and one half acres, reserving land conveyed to the Gloversville and Northville Railroad. Recorded 29 March 1876.

29 March 1876. Fulton Co. Deeds 49:63. William Brower of the Town of Johnstown of the first part, to Anna D. Brower of the same place of the second part. For $1000, a parcel of land in Johnstown known as part of lot no. 33 in the Mayfield Patent bounded on the north by the land of Norman Dodge and land of William Mortimer, on the east by land of Philip Conlin, on the west by land of Norman Dodge and containing about seventy three acres more or less. William also conveys to Anna, all the cows, sheep, young cattle, farming utensils and "personal property of every name and description wheresoever," etc. Recorded 29 March 1876.

29 March 1876. Fulton Co. Deeds 49:64. Anna D. Brower of the Town of Johnstown of the first part, to Catharine Brower wife of William Brower of the Town and County aforesaid. For $1000, a parcel of land in the Town of Johnstown, being a part of lot no. 33 in the Mayfield Patent (same boundaries and area as the property described in the deed above on 49:63, bearing the same date). Also all cows, sheep, young cattle...personal property of every name and description...conveyed to her by her father William Brower... Recorded 29 March 1876.

10 February 1877. Fulton Co. Deeds 49:534. John McNabb as assignee of Abram D. Brower of Gloversville, to David Wilson and Melvin Green of the same place. For $200, a parcel of land in the village of Gloversville, beginning at the corner of a lot owned by Arthur Gillett on the west side of School Street... Recorded 14 February 1877.

10 October 1877. Fulton Co. Deeds 51:177. Catharine Brower and William Brower of the Town of Johnstown, to Frances Brower of the same place. For $1, a parcel of land in Johnstown being a part of lot no. 33 of the Mayfield Patent. [See the deed that follows, and the deeds of 29 March 1876 found above]. "Being the same premises conveyed by William Brower to Anna D. Brower and from Anna D. Brower to Catharine Brower and from Catharine Brower to Frances Brower." Recorded 11 October 1877.

10 October 1877. Fulton Co. Deeds 52:235. Francis Brower of Johnstown (party of the first part), to Catharine Brower & William Brower, her husband (party of the second part). For the sum of one dollar, a parcel of land in the Town of Johnstown, distinguished as part of lot no. 33 in the Mayfield Patent, bounded on the north by the lands of Norman Dodge and lands of William Martin, on the east by lands of Philip Carlon, on the west by lands of Norman Dodge and on the south by lands of Norman Dodge, estimated at 73 acres...and "being the same premises this day conveyed by Catharine Brower and William Brower to Francis Brower with the appurtences and all the estate title and interest of the said party of the first part therein this grant is intended as a security that the said Francis Brower will furnish and provide at her own cost and expense for the said Catharine Brower and William Brower and each of them from the date hereof for and during their natural lives or either of them all good and suitable board house room lodging fuel clothing washing medicines medical and other care and attendance which they may need and require..." [Francis/Frances Brower is a female, the name is spelled both as Francis with an i and Frances with an e, in the deed. I suspect that she is a daughter-in-law of William and Catharine, and was the wife of their son, Herman Brower]. Recorded 11 October 1877.

9 November 1877. Fulton Co. Deeds 51:207. Abram D. Brower and S. M. Brower his wife of Johnstown, to James C. Stewart of the same place. For $375, a parcel of land in the Village of Gloversville, commencing at a corner formed by Marshall Avenue and New Street...containing thirty-two rods of land. Recorded 10 November 1877.

16 September 1878. Fulton Co. Deeds 54:19. Jacob Brower & Paulina his wife of Mayfield, to Sechiel Johnston of the same place. For $900, a parcel of land in the Town of Mayfield, a part of lot no. 40 in the Mayfield Patent, beginning at the north corner of a piece of land in possession of David Stewart...containing about fifty-three ? of land more or less [the word after fifty-three is not clear, but this is a small piece with lengths of 190 feet and 186 feet]. Recorded 18 September 1878.

10 April 1879. Fulton Co. Deeds 54:315. Abram Brower and Louisa Brower his wife of Mayfield, to David Betler of Mayfield. For $775, a parcel of land in Mayfield, bounded on the north by land formerly owned by Alexander McClara, on the east by lands formerly of William Wilkins, on the south by lands of Mr. Eshler, on the west by the road running from the saw mill to lands formerly of Bennet Toman, containing sixty acres, being the land sold by William Wilkins as agent of  Mr. Ellis. Recorded 29 May 1879.

9 September 1879. Fulton Co. Deeds 54:439. William Brower of the Town of Northampton, Fulton County, to Mary J. Gifford of the town and county aforesaid. For $500, a parcel of land in the Town of Northampton lying on the highway from the Fish House to Dentons Corners...said lot to contain one acre of land be the same more or less. Recorded 20 October 1879.

26 September 1879. Fulton Co. Deeds 56:345. Eliza Allen, Nathaniel Brower & Jennet his wife, Alonzo Brower & Emily his wife, Angeline Wane, Abram D. Brower and Sophronia his wife, and Wm. H. Brower and Alvira his wife, heirs of David Brower deceased of the first part, to Dudley P. Smith of Johnstown of the second part. For $1500, a parcel of land situated in the Village of Gloversville, bounded on the east by lands owned by Mary and Maga Obrine, on the south by lands of Michael McDonaugh, on the west by lands owned by David Schoonmaker and on the north by the Street called Washington...being the same that David Brower received by deed from David Corwin and wife dated 27 March 1867 (Fulton Co. Deeds 34:436). Acknowledgement of Nathaniel and Jennet Brower was taken at Shiawassee Co., Michigan. The others acknowledged in Fulton County, New York. Recorded 3 November 1879.

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Wednesday, December 26, 2018

Brower/Brewer Guardianships in Montgomery County, New York

Letters of Guardianship for Montgomery County, New York can be found online at FamilySearch.org in their collection titled "New York Probate Records, 1629-1971," under Montgomery County. Volume 1 and volume 2 are combined in one film. There is no alphabetical index for volume 1, however, at the end of the volume is a list, arranged in order of appearance in volume 1, of the names of the minors involved. In other words, by page number, so we'll have to look through these pages to find the Browers and Brewers. The "index" begins here at image 183 of the digitized film. Volume 2 does have a traditional index, arranged alphabetically, at the front of volume 2 (A's are at image 192). The index for volume 2, 1838-1862, of Montgomery County Letters of Guardianship has six entries of interest.

Starting with Volume 1, 1825-1838

Pages 6-7. Dated 24 January 1826. Guardianship of Sally and Margaret Brower, infant children and heirs of William Brower, deceased. Polly Thayer, mother of Sally and Margaret, petitions the court, asking that John P. Demarest of the Town of Broadalbin be appointed guardian. William Brower died in late 1814 after being accidentally shot by his brother-in-law David Demarest. His wife was Maria Demarest, daughter of Petrus Demarest and Sara Demarest (cousins). She married second, Reuben Thayer. William is most certainly the son of Jacob Brouwer and Margitta Triet.

Page 44. 13 April 1827. Guardianship of William Brewer, Lawrence Brewer, Clark Brewer and Cordelia Brewer, children of Peter Brewer, deceased. The children are described as infants all under the age of fourteen. Mercy Brewer, their mother, petitions for William Brewer of Amsterdam to be appointed guardian. This family is not found on the Brouwer Genealogy Database. My assumption would be that Peter Brewer, is the Peter Brewer of Amsterdam whose estate was administered on 19 December 1826. See the post of November 9, 2018. My suggestion in that post is that this Peter Brewer was the son of William Brewer (whose wife was Annatje DeLong), who is found in Amsterdam, New York in 1810, and in 1820 (as William Brower, although the U. S. census for this year is of poor quality). I do not find William in Amsterdam on the 1830 U. S. census, but he is found in Copley, Summit Co., Ohio in 1840. See William Brewer on the BGD for what (incomplete) info I have on him.

Page 246 (scroll to the bottom of the page). Dated 3 September 1835. Elizabeth Brower, Jacob Brower and David Saltzman, executrix and executors of the last will and testament of Cornelius Brower late of the Town of Palatine, ask for Adam H. Van Wyck, to be appointed guardian for the minor children and heirs of Cornelius Brower, namely William Henry Brower, John Brower, Margaret Brower and Aaron Brower. Cornelis Brower, born 16 April 1770, was a son of Harmanus Brower and Margariet Ekker. As mentioned on the November 9, 2018 post where you will find an abstract of Cornelius' will, his profile on the BGD is incomplete. It appears that a second daughter Margaret, probably born in the early 1820s, should be added to Cornelius' family.

Found in Volume 2, 1838-1862 (index at image 193)

Page 13 (scroll to the bottom). 3 January 1839. David Brower appears before the court. Alida Brower widow of Peter Brower late of the Town of Mohawk, deceased intends to petition the Surrogate's Court for admeasurement of her dower in certain lands and tenements of the said Peter Brower. And whereas John Henry Brower an heir of said deceased is a minor, the court then appoints said David Brower as guardian for John Henry Brower. Administration on the estate of Peter Brower of Mohawk was granted on 23 November 1838 to David Brower and Harman DeWandelaer (see November 9, 2018). His son John Henry Brower was born 13 February 1826 and his record of baptism at the Caughnawaga Reformed Church in Fonda, New York, gives his parents as Peter Brower and Harrietta Enders (Kelly, Arthur C.M.. Baptism Record of Caughnawaga Reformed Church, Fonda, New York. Rhinebeck, New York: Arthur C.M. Kelly, 1985, p. 242, no. 5469). Apparently Harrietta (or Henrietta) died and Peter remarried Alida whose family name I have not identified. It appears that John Henry Brower is Peter's only child. Also see page 29, where, on 15 February 1840, Harman DeWandelaer of Mohawk is appointed guardian of John Henry Brower, a minor above the age of fourteen.

Page 75. 23 December 1841. Whereas Harman H. Brower, executor of the last will and testament of Harman Brower, late of the town of Palatine, deceased, intends to make an application to have the will proved. And whereas Shadrach Brower, an heir of Harman Brower is a minor. Charles Miller is appointed guardian for said minor, Shadrach Brower.

Page 134. 7 February 1845. William H. Brower, a minor above the age of 14, and a resident of Montgomery County, nominates Lawrence Marcellus to be appointed his guardian. Although neither of his parents are named in this record, William H. Brower is most certainly William Henry Brower, son of Cornelius Brower and Elizabeth Staller, who was born 8 February 1825, and had not yet attained the age of 21 when this appointment occurred. See Volume 1, page 246 above.

The above only covers what is found in volumes 1 and 2 which covers the years 1825 to 1862. Volume 3 picks up with 1862 but I will not be searching these records. It appears that there is no index for volume 3. Beyond page 110 of volume 3 the pages are not numbered.

A note on a couple of important terms found in the guardianship records. This is for the benefit of those who might be new to this type of research. Specifically the terms "Infant" and "Guardian." Both are used in these records in the legal sense, so to speak. Nowadays we would think of an infant as a child under the age of one year or so, or at least to describe a child who is not yet walking on his or her own, at which point we then generally refer to the child as a "toddler." In the legal parlance of the day, an "Infant" was a minor under the age of 14. Generally a guardian would be appointed for such a child by the court who often followed the request of a surviving parent. Once having attained the age of 14, a child was still a minor, but at that point would have the ability to request, him or herself, from the court, the appointment of some specific guardian. Perhaps one who was different from a previously appointed guardian. A "Guardian" in turn did not take custody of a child for whom they were guardian, nor were they charged with raising the child. They were simply an adult who would be responsible for representing the child before the court in legal matters, particularly those involved in the settlement of the estate in which the minor child was an heir and had a legal interest. A guardian could petition the court on behalf of the minor. A child represented by a guardian often did not live with their guardian, although they may have if both of the child's parents were deceased. Often the guardian was a close relation of a child's mother, especially if she was still living.

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Sunday, December 23, 2018

David Brewer/Brower - Land Records of Montgomery and Fulton Counties, New York

At the end of the November 13, 2018 post we mention numerous deeds found in Montgomery and Fulton Counties, New York, which involve a David Brewer. Let's take a look at them here. Arranged here chronologically by the date of the deed. Links to the indexes for land records in Montgomery and Fulton Counties, New York can be found on this page.

21 January 1828. Montgomery Co. 27:503. John Cameron and Catharine his wife of the first part, to David Brewer "of the town and county aforesaid" (although no town or county was previously mentioned) of the second part. For $1100, "all that one equal fourth part, piece or parcel of land," being in the Town of Florida, county of Montgomery. Bounded by the Mohawk River on the north, by Rufus Truesdale and Caleb Billings, deceased, on the east, on the south by Don Carlos Burt and John Snook, and on the west by John Wemple, containing 209 acres "more or less as the same was possessed by Coll McGregor in his lifetime." Recorded 11 May 1830.

13 May 1829. Montgomery Co. 29:23. David Brewer and Maria his wife of the Town of Florida (of the first part) to Don C. Bent of the same place (of the second part). For $154, a parcel of land in the town and county aforesaid beginning at the line of a lot owned by Henry Mallory, east to the land of said Bent...land of Duncan McGregor. Eight acres more or less. Signed by David Brewer and Maria Brewer (her mark) in the presence of Deodatus Wright and Timothy Downs. Recorded 5 march 1831.

1 October 1830. Montgomery Co. 29:21. David Brewer and Maria his wife of the Town of Florida (first part) to Don C. Bent of the same place (second part). For $125, a parcel of land in Florida, Montgomery Co., bounded south by the highway, west by the lands of George Smith the taylor (sic), north by land leased by Peter Newkirk of Orphrius Brockway, east by lands of Warren H. Curtiss, being about three fourths of an acre more or less. Signed by David Brewer and Maria Brewer (mark) in the presence of Henry H. Belding. Recorded 5 March 1831.

2 March 1833. Fulton Co. 11:13 and Montgomery Co. 35:31. The later record is easier to read. David Brower and Betsey his wife of Broadalbin, of the first part, to Allen Burr of the same place, of the second part. For $200, a parcel of land being ten acres out of the north east corner of that certain farm situated in Broadalbin aforesaid heretofore belonging to Jacob Brower and now owned by the said parties of the first part... The description of boundaries includes land bounded by Welcome Capron. Recorded 21 May 1834.

6 February 1835. Montgomery Co. 43:24. David Brower of the Town of Johnstown to John J. Brower of the same place. For consideration of $170, a parcel in the Town of Johnstown beginning at a stake on the division line of William H. Brower and David Brower...to a line between John Fisher and David Brower...to a beech tree between John J. Brower and David Brower...to the beginning containing four acres. Signed by David Brower in the presence of John Morrell. Recorded 10 March 1838.

1 April 1836. Fulton Co. 13:289 and Montgomery Co. 42:457. Peter Ferguson and Amanda his wife, of Broadalbin, to David Brower of the same place. Dated 1 April 1836. For $1000, a parcel of land in Broadalbin, being a part of Lot no. 164 in Glens Patent. The boundary description references David Brower's line.

1 April 1836. Montgomery Co. 39:77. David Brower & Betsey his wife of Broadalbin, to Charles Sunderlin of the same place. For consideration of $500, a piece of land in Broadalbin bounded on the north by Ira Wells' lot, on the east by the highway, on the south by David Demarest's lot, on the west by Isaac R. Roads' land, containing one acre. "Yielding and paying thereto annually to the heirs or assigns of David Campbell original leasor of said premises a certain rent as the same is reserved in the original lease..." Recorded 21 May 1836.

13 October 1837. Montgomery Co. 47:374-375. Timothy Truesdale, Clarissa Truesdale, Rufus Truesdale by his guardian David Brewer, David Brewer & Elizabeth Brewer of Florida, and James Billings and Jane Billings of the same place for consideration of the sum of $100 paid by William Billings...a certain piece of land in Florida, "being that portion of the farm of which Caleb Billings died seized described in a map executed by John L. Frost surveyor on the 21st day of October 1837 as lot number three...containing seven and nine tenths acres...in testimony whereof the said Timothy Truesdale, Clarissa Truesdale, Rufus Truesdale, Hannah Truesdale, Hiram Billings and Syman R. Billings by his guardian David Brewer & David Brewer & Elizabeth Brewer & James Billings & Jane Billings have hereto set their hands and seals..." Acknowledged by those who signed on 31 March 1844. Recorded 26 June 1844.

13 October 1837. Montgomery Co. 47:375-376. Same parties as in the deed above (47:374-75) including David Brewer & Elizabeth Brewer, convery to Hiram Billings, a parcel of the farm in Florida formerly of Caleb Billings, identified as lot number five. Acknowledged 31 March 1844. Recorded 26 June 1844. Two more deeds follow. On pages 376-377, the grantee is Rufus Truesdale, and on pages 377-378, the grantee is Timothy Truesdale.

13 August 1838. Montgomery Co. 44:17-18. David Brewer of the Town of Florida, to George W. Merwin of the same place. For $200, a parcel of land in Florida, "being part of the farm owned and occupied by the party of the first part" (David Brewer). The boundary description begins at a point on the south side of the Erie Canal. Recorded 3 October 1838.

4 December 1840. Montgomery Co. 46:543. Harman J. Brower of the Town of Lowville, Lewis Co., New York and Agness his wife of the first part, to David Brower of Mohawk in Montgomery County of the second part. For the sum of $55, a parcel of land being the northern most part of the farm which Harman De Wandeler formerly owned being in the town of Mohawk in the county of Montgomery...beginning at the western boundary line of a farm formerly belonging to Daniel Fisher now belonging to Albert Slingerland...to the lands formerly of Peter A. Couyue & Deborah his wife but now of the lands of one Williams...to the place of beginning...being a part and parcel of the farm of which John Brower late of the Town of Mohawk died seized and contains twenty acres and a half. Recorded 5 December 1840.

17 December 1844. Montgomery Co. 51:213. David Brewer of the Town of Florida of the first part (grantor) to Garret V. Putman of Amsterdam, of the second part (grantee). For the sum of $1000, a parcel of land in Florida bounded on the west by Alexander McGregor, on the south by John and William McClumphy, on the east by Daniel McMichael, and "by the lands of the party of the second part heretofore conveyed to him by the party of the first part." On the south by the highway leading from Henry Mallorys to Schoharie Creek and by the Mohawk River. This being land heretofore conveyed by John Cameron and Catharine his wife to David Brewer by deed dated 21 January 1828...and reserving eight acres previously conveyed by David Brewer to Don C. Bent... David Brewer signs with his mark in the presence of James Voorhees. Recorded 18 December 1844.

4 June 1845. Montgomery Co. 53:282. Samuel Sweet and Dianna his wife, of the Florida, Montgomery County, to David Brewer of the same place. For $300, a parcel of land in the Town of Florida, bounded on the north by the Erie Canal, east by the lands of Timothy Truesdell, south and west by the lands of Rufus Truesdell, containing about eight acres of land, being real estate conveyed by deed of Waterman Sweet and Elizabeth his wife to Samuel Sweet in 1836, recorded in Book 46, page 529. Recorded 8 July 1846.

2 January 1847. Montgomery Co. 54:170-71. Erie Canal Enlargement. Claim of Garret V. Putman and David Brewer for canal damages to premises in Florida, Montgomery County on the 27th of June 1845. Mentions a previous judgement of 17 December 1844. David Brewer owned the premises up to 18 July 1842 and since then they have been owned in fee by Garret V. Putman. The property is described and those bounding the property are Rufus Truesdale, John McClumpha and Archibald McGregor. The property is bounded on the north by the Mohawk River. Includes drawings of the property. Recorded 20 February 1847.

11 March 1848. Montgomery Co. 55:512. Symon J. Veeder and Margaret his wife of Mohawk, to David Brower of the same place. For $2250, a parcel of land in a patent granted to John, Margaret and Edward Collins on the line of a patent granted to Hendrick Hanson being in the Town of Mohawk being part also of the Buttes patent...beginning at a line between William Brower and John S. Veeders west line along Switcher Hill road...containing fifty acres, being the same piece of land conveyed by John S. Veeder to Symon J. Veeder. Recorded 18 March 1848.

14 December 1855. Montgomery Co. 66:623. John Campbell of the Town of Mohawk to David Brower of the same place. For $3434, a parcel of land in the town of Mohawk being a part of the farm conveyed by Jeremiah Williams and wife to the said John Campbell, to which piece intended to be conveyed, bounded west by the lands of Ezra Getman and by the lands of William H. Brower and by the lands of the party of the second part (David Brower) and by the lands of Charles Youngs... Recorded 14 December 1855.

14 December 1855. Montgomery Co. 67:285. David Brower and Rebecca his wife of the Town of Mohawk, to Charles Young of the town aforesaid. For $1000, a parcel of land in the town of Mohawk bounded as follows...beginning at a corner between Ezra Getman, John Campbell and Charles Youngs, running along the bounds of Ezra Getman's north...containing twenty-two acres (plus). Witness: John Emerson. Recorded 5 April 1856.

27 January 1858. Fulton Co. 23:408. Nathaniel Brower of Gloversville, to David Brower of Broadalbin, for the consideration of nine hundred dollars, a piece of land in Gloversville, bounded as follows - commencing at the northwest corner of a lot owned by Abram D. Brower or lately owned by him, On the east side of School Street, running easterly to the lot owned by Oliver Collins... This land conveyed to Nathaniel Brower on 21 July 1856 by H. Churchill. Recorded 28 January 1858. The deed referenced is found in Fulton Co. Deeds 23:354, the grantors are "Henry Churchill Sybil E. his wife Allen C. Churchill Caroline his wife and U. S. Campbell Catharine A. his wife." A lack of punctuation here calls for care in reading this deed. All are of Gloversville. The lot owned by Abram D. Brower is mentioned here as well.

13 January 1864. Fulton Co. 29:485. David Brower, executor, of Broadalbin (and) Nancy Van Vranken, of Johnstown, executrix of the last will and testament of Peter Van Vranken of Broadalbin, to Daniel Cole of Broadalbin. By virtue of the power of authority given by the will together with a contract made July 14, 1855 by said Peter Van Vranken with Daniel Coles and for the consideration of three hundred dollars...all that certain parcel of land in the town of Broadalbin distinguished as part of lot number 16 in a patent granted to John Glenn and others. (Description of property). Signed David Brower and Nancy Van Vranken in the presence of H. G. Hawley. Recorded 2 February 1864.

5 July 1864. Montgomery Co. 77:450. John H. Brower of the Town of Mohawk, to David Brower of the same town. For $800, a parcel of land in the Town of Mohawk, bounded on the north by Michael Plantz, on the south by the lands of the party of the first part (John H. Brower), on the east by the lands of Michael Saffer and James Hough and on the west by the lands of William Brower, the said parcel being conveyed by Charles P. Chase and wife and William McClary and wife to the party of the first part (John H. Brower) on 23 January 1864 (Montgomery Co. 76:406). Recorded 5 November 1864.

27 March 1867. Fulton Co. 34:436. David Corwin and Sophia his wife of Worcester, Otsego County, New York, to David Brower of Fulton County. For consideration of $1350, a parcel of land in the Village of Gloversville, bounded on the west by the lands of David Schoonmaker, on the south by lands formerly owned by Sylvester Ferguson, on the east by the lands of Charles Windaas, on the north by Washington Street, with appurtenances. Recorded 12 August 1864.

13 March 1867. Montgomery Co. 81:190-91 (starts at the very bottom of page 190). David Brower of the Town of Mohawk and Rebecca his wife (party of the first part), to Adam Plantz (party of the second part) of the same town. For $1188, a parcel of land in Mohawk, bounded on the north by the lands of Michael Plantz, on the east by the lands of the party of the second part (Adam Plantz), on the south by the lands of John H. Brower and on the west by the lands of the heirs of William H. Brower, deceased, and containing twenty nine acres and a half. Recorded 1 April 1867.

3 April 1867. Fulton Co. 37:410. David Brower and Betsey Brower of the Town of Broadalbin (party of the first part), to Margaret Fuller of Galway. For $2800, land situated in Broadalbin, lying north of the village of Fondasbush, being premises the party of the first part now occupy. Bounded on the west by the plank road leading from the village of Fondasbush to the Fish house, on the south by the lands of Henry Briggs and Timothy Cornwell and the heirs of John Vanderworken, dec'd, on the east by the lands of William Dingman and the lands of R. R. Marsh, on the north by the lands of R. R., containing seventy acres more or less. "The above premises is more particularly described in a deed of conveyance executed by Jacob Brower and Margaret Brower to the party of the first part," in a deed dated 11 February 1832, and also by conveyance by deed executed by Peter Ferguson and Amanda Ferguson to the party of the first part, dated 1 April 1836, and one other conveyance by deed executed by Charles Brockway to the party of the first part, 7 November 1840. Signed by David and Betsey Brower in the presence of Wm. H. Halladay. Recorded 21 July 1869.

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Wednesday, December 12, 2018

E-BY52668, A New Sub-Clade For Descendants of Adam Brouwer

Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) has identified a new haplogroup, E-BY52668, based on the results of advanced Y-DNA testing (the BigY-500 test). E-BY52668 is a sub-clade of E-BY6201 which is a haplogroup that has been identified exclusively by the Y-DNA testing of known descendants of Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, L. I.

The new sub-clade can be seen under BY-6201 on Family Tree DNA's Public Haplotree here (hit that little + icon on the left).



E-BY52668 was identified by the comparison of the tests of two descendants of Adam Brouwer. One of the participants can trace is ancestry directly back to Adam Brouwer through Adam Brouwer's great-grandson Nicholas Brouwer (1714-1777) who lived most of his life in Dutchess County, New York at Wappingers Falls, and was married twice, first to Mary Dutcher and second to Sarah Drake. Nicholas had a large family, in effect two families, of thirteen children, six by his first wife and seven by his second wife. Some day we'll have to write up a more detailed post of Nicholas Brouwer. For now here is a chart of Nicholas Brouwer's ancestors, and here is chart is of Nicholas' known children and grandchildren (more work needs to be done here especially with the grandchildren).

Nicholas Brouwer's father was Adolphus Brouwer (1693-1742), and Hank Graham, administrator of the Brewer DNA Project, tells us that the SNP E-BY52668 appeared in the combined lines of the two individuals tested, "no earlier than Adolphus Brouwer (1693-1742)."

The second tested descendant can presently trace is paternal ancestry back only to Charles H. Brower (1820-1860) who lived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. I mentioned Charles H. Brower in the post of November 8, 2018, "Caleb Pell Brower and Caleb S. Brower." Caleb Pell Brower is a grandson of Nicholas Brouwer (1714-1777) and a great grandson of Adolphus Brouwer (1693-1742). Caleb Pell Brower has also been claimed as the father of Charles H. Brower in a submission to the Family History Library (you may need to be signed in to FamilySearch to view this). This claim has not been proved and while we search for documents that might prove (or disprove) this father-son relationship, we can state that the new Y-DNA test results do suggest that the relationship is certainly possible, and time spent on further research is justified.

And so we now have a new sub-clade for descendants of Adam Brouwer to consider. By my count the Adam Brouwer of Gowanus, L. I. sub-group at the Brewer DNA Project now has 49 members, 15 of whom have taken the advanced BigY-500 test. If more members would take that test Family Tree DNA may well be able to identify additional sub-clades which will in turn help those trying to complete their paternal ancestry back to Adam Brouwer narrow down the lines of ancestry that they should spend their time focusing on.

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