Sunset at Gowanus Bay

Sunset at Gowanus Bay
Sunset at Gowanus Bay, Henry Gritten, 1851

Sunday, March 8, 2015

New Brunswick, County Deed Registry Books, 1780-1930

Family Search has an image only collection online titled "New Brunswick, County Deed Registry Books, 1780-1930." The collection consists of digital images of deed and land records found in county courthouses in New Brunswick, Canada, that had been filmed some decades ago. As with many of the collections at Family Search covering land records, the set is subdivided and arranged by county. Of particular interest to those researching the descendants of Adam Brouwer would be the records found in York County.

York County, New Brunswick was established in 1785 and numerous Loyalists and their families, essentially refugees of the American Revolutionary War, relocated there after the war. Among them were children of Adolf Brouwer (1725-1780) and Elizabeth Lassing who were married on 6 Janunary 1749 at the First Reformed Dutch Church of Poughkeepsie in Dutchess County, New York.

Fortunately there is a very neatly written, and well constructed index for the York County land records. The index is arranged alphabetically, and not just by first three letters (or fewer) of the surname as many old land and probate record indexes are. Additionally, the indexes for both grantors and grantees appears in the same book and on the same pages. There is no need to consult separate grantor and grantee index books as is the norm with most land record searches.

The York County Indexes are broken up into five volumes covering chronologically grouped years. Provided here is a link to the first page in volume 1, which covers the years 1786 to 1849, on which the surname BREWER appears:

BREWER, York Co., New Brunswick, Deeds, Index vol. 1, page 28 (image 33)

The index for BREWERs continues on page 29 (image 34). There is no separate set of entries for the surnames BROWER, BROUWER or BRUER, none of which were known to have been used by the descendants of Adam Brouwer in New Brunswick.

The land records themselves are found in 118 volumes that are accessed from a separate page at Family Search under "Deed Book." I have not had the opportunity to examine individual records myself, but I recognize from the index, some names found among the descendants of Adolf Brouwer (1725-1780) as well as a few, such as a Jeremiah and a Jedediah, that I do not recognize. There may be some openings for some new research among the Brewer families of post-Revolutionary War, York County, New Brunswick.

York Co., NB Deed Index, v.1, p.28 (from

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